Dussumieria hasseltii [Status Unaccepted]   Bleeker,  1851 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Clupeidae

Description
Max. size: 18 cm

Color: Greenish blue above, silvery on lower half. Golden yellow lateral band from opercle to caudal, caudal bluish green with distal part black. Dark spot on first ray of dorsal and pectoral.

Body elongate. Snout acute. Origin of anal behind dorsal. Teeth on both jaws, palatines and pterygoids. Maxillary nearly reaching below frontmargin of eye. Jaws equal. Origin of dorsal more than diameter of eye nearer to caudal than to snout. Origin of anal far behind dorsal, about as long as postorbital part of head. Origin of ventrals below the middle of dorsal. Pectorals pointed, about as long as postocular part of head. Caudal deeply incised. Distinct teeth on jaws, palatines, pterygoids and tongue. Gillrakers about 22-24, slightly longer than branchial filaments, about ¾ of eye, spinous at the innerside. Scales very deciduous. Elongated scales in the axil of pectorals and ventrals. Upper half dark greenish, silvery below. A golden lateral band from opercle to caudal. Fins hyaline, distal part of caudal black. First ray of dorsal and pectorals with a dark sopt.


Synonym (s)
Dussumieria hasseltii Bleeker, 1850

Common Name (s)
• Rainbow Sardine (English)
• Hasselt's Sprat (English)
• Morava (Telugu)
• Thondan (Tamil)
• Kolu Baige (Kannada)
• Kolachi (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Phytoplankton like Coscinodiscus, Rhizosolenia, Thallissiothrix, Trichodesmium and zooplankton like copepods, Lucifer, zoea and megalopa of crabs, larval stomatopods, Cressis, larval bivalves, tec.
Predator:  Seer fishes, Lactarius

Biogeography


• INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Baidu Available at - http://baike.baidu.com/
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/808/1/Bulletin_No_33.pdf
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-06

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