Anser indicus   (Latham,  1790) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Ron Saldino

Voice: Call- A musical aang, aang. Produced in varying keys by skein after skein going over, it is one of the most unforgettable and exhilarating sounds to the wildfowler.

A grey, brownish and white goose, with white head and sides of neck, and two distinctive broad black bars across nape. Sexes alike. Gaggles, on rivers and jheels, and about young winter cultivation.

Habits: Arrives about October, departs by mid March. Rather crepuscular and nocturnal. Congregates in large gaggles when grazing in young gram fields, or when resting during the daytime on sandbanks in the middle of large rivers. Usually excessively wary and difficult to circumvent. Skeins flight in V-formation or in straight ribbons over a wide front to and from their feeding grounds.

Nesting: Season- in the nearest breeding localities to us, Ladakh and Tibet, April to June. Nest- a depression in lush herbage bordering the high altitude lakes, thickly lined with down and feathers. Eggs- 3 or 4, ivory white.

Synonym (s)
Anas indicus (Latham, 1790)

Common Name (s)
• Bar-headed Goose (English)
• Hans (Hindi)
• Rajhans (Hindi)
• Birwa (Hindi)
• Sawan (Hindi)
• Kurith-thalayan (Malayalam)
• Tella pedda batu (Telugu)
• Vari kazhutha thara, Neer vathu, (Tamil)
• Pattkadamb (Marathi)
• Rajhans (Gujrati)
• Barheaded Goose (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Goa, Chapora estuary INDIA (Record: 17/11/1997)
• Goa, Cumbarjua canal INDIA (Record: 1999,2000)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003, 2008)
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Haryana, Kurukshetra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muthupet Mangroves (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Birds of India Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at -
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at -
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at -
  • Balachandran S, Sathiyaselvam P and Panda S (2009) Bird atlas of Chilika Bombay Natural History Society 2-325pp Available at - NIO
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1968) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 1 1-368pp Available at - NIO
  • Gupta RC, Kaushik TK and Gupta PK (2012) WINTER MIGRATORY WETLAND BIRDS IN HARYANA ARE CONFRONTING ADVERSE CONDITIONS IN RURAL PONDS Resulting in reduction in arrival number: A case study of village Amin in Thanesar block in Kurukshetra district Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences 2 (1) 7pp Available at -
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at -
  • Deiva Oswin S (1999) Avifaunal diversity of Muthupet mangrove forest Zoo's print journal 14(6) 47-53 Available at -
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at -,%20No.4,%202004.pdf
  • Urfi AJ (2003) The birds of Okhla barrage bird sanctuary, Delhi, India Forktail 19 39-50pp Available at -
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1968) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 1 1-368pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-08-23

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