Rastrelliger brachysoma   (Bleeker,  1851) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Scombridae

Image copyrights: FishBase

Description
Size: 12-34.5 cm.

Color: Bluish green above, silvery below. Fins yellowish, the first dorsal bordered above with black (Bleeker, 1851).

Height 2.79. Head 3.15, about as long as hight. Eye 3.8, equal to snout and to flat inter orbital space. Mouth oblique. Maxillary reaching to below hind border of eye. Teeth in jaw minute. No teeth on palate. About 35 gill rakers on lower branch of first arch, 15 on upper branch. Longest gill rakers about as long as snout and half eye. First dorsal spine somewhat shorter than second, which is slightly less than snout and eye. Second dorsal and anal low, their upper border apparently not much concave. Caudal and pectorals broken. Ventrals equal to snout. Maxilla covered by lachrymal bone but extending nearly to end of lacrimae. Interpelvic process small and single. Swim bladder present. Vertebrae 13 pre-caudal plus 18 caudal, total 31. Bristles on longest gill raker about 150 on one side in specimens of 12.7 cm, 210 in specimens of 16 cm, and 240 in specimens of 19 cm fork length. Anal spine rudimentary. Dorsal spines (total): 8 - 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 12. Snout pointed.

Dioecious, external fertilization, non-guarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportion.


Synonym (s)
Rastrelliger brachysomus (Bleeker, 1851)
(Senior synonym)
Rastrelliger neglectus (van Kampen, 1907)
(Junior synonym)
Scomber brachysoma Bleeker, 1851
(Senior synonym)
Scomber neglectus van Kampen, 1907
(Junior synonym)
Rastrelliger brachysoma Manacop, 1956

Common Name (s)
• Deep Bodied Mackerel (English)
• Chappata Bangdi (Hindi)
• Short Bodied Mackerel (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish. Marketed fresh, frozen, canned, dried salted and smoked.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Feeds chiefly on microzooplankton with a high phytoplankton component
Predator:  Scomberomus sp., tunas, ribbonfishes, sharks, dolphins

Biogeography


• INDIA
• Andaman Sea INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA
• East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Reef Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Indian Mackerel, Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuv) Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Coastal Fishery Resources in Countries Bordering Indian Ocean Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-30

Back to Search