Batrachocephalus mino   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Khan, M.M.

Max size: 25.0 cm TL

Color: Silvery with dark brown above.

Body elongate. Head large and broad. Headshields forming a cross, with the surface corrugated. Occipital process longer than broad at its base, its posterior end broadly emarginate and receiving the granular semicrescentic basal bone of the dorsal spine. One pair of small barbels. Height of dorsal nearly 3/4 of length of head, its spine denticulated at both edges, as long as postorbital part of head. Base of adipose fin 2/3 of that of dorsal, more than 4 times in its distance from that fin. Height of anal much less than that of dorsal. Pectoral spine denticulated at both edges, about equal to or slightly longer than the dorsal one. Caudal deeply forked, the upper lobe the longer.

Synonym (s)
Ageneiosus mino (non Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Batrachocephalus ageneiosus Bleeker, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Batrachocephalus micropogon Bleeker, 1858
(Junior synonym)
Batrachocephalus mino (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Batrachocephalus mino Gunther, 1864
Batrachocephalus mino Day, 1888
Ageneiosus mino Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822
Batrachocephalus mino Day, 1877
Batrachocephalus ageniosus Bleeker, 1846

Common Name (s)
• Frog Headed Cat Fish (English)
• Frog Headed Catfish (English)
• Shingala (English)
• Khagadi (Gujarati)
• Beardless Sea Catfish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine
Prey:  Invertebrates and small fishes.


• Maharashtra, Janjira creek INDIA
• Maharashtra, Murud INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mishra, SS; Chakrabarty, M; Kar, S and Gopi, KC (2010) Catfish diversity of west Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 189-194 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-06

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