Halcyon pileata   (Boddaert,  1783) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Coraciiformes
Family:Alcedinidae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
Size: 30 cm.

Voice: Distinctive ringing cackle, kikikikikiki.

Habits: Similar to the Whitebreasted Kingfisher but much less terrestrial in its hunting and less noisy, usually flying off silently. Keeps singly and has a number of alternative fixed hunting pots in a feeding territory, occupying them day after day. Seldom wanders far from the seacoast though not an exclusively salt-water species like the Brownwinged Storkbill..

Sexes alike. Mainly a coastal kingfisher with coral-red bill, purple-blue upperparts and tail, and pale rust underparts. In flight, the large white wing-patch is conspicuous.

Synonym (s)
Alcedo pileata (Boddaert, 1783)

Common Name (s)
• Black-capped Kingfisher (English)
• Blackcapped Kingfisher (English)
• Kourilla (Hindi)
• Vanakhadino kalkaliyo, Shyamshir kalkaliyo (Gujrati)
• Kalya topicha khandya (Marathi)
• Kala kilkila (Hindi)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Fish, crabs, beetles, grasshoppers and other insects.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• BANGLADESH
• SRI LANKA
• Goa, Velsao INDIA (Record: 20/12/1980)
• Goa, Terekhol Estuary INDIA
• Goa, Keri INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Port INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Maharashtra, Satara district INDIA
• Nagaland INDIA
• Kerela, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA
• Goa, Carambolim INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muthupet Mangroves (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Uttar Pradesh, Gonda district (Lat: 27.16) (Long: 81.78) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nameer, PO (2005) Wetlands and waterfowl conservation in kerala with special reference to Ramsar sites kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 97-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at - http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/india/press/reports/greenpeace-biodiversity.pdf
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Davidar, Priya; Yoganand, K; Ganesh, T and Nayak, KG (2007) Avifauna of the andaman islands: preliminary inventory and distributional patterns Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(3) 298-310 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Pawar SM, Ganeshwade RM and Sonawane SR (2010) Avian fauna along three water reservoir from Satara district (Maharashtra), India The Bioscan 5(4) 609-612pp Available at - http://thebioscan.in/Journals_PDF/5419-%20S.%20M.%20PAWAR.pdf
  • Choudhury A (2001) Some bird records from Nagaland, north-east India Forktail 17 91-103pp Available at - http://www.orientalbirdclub.org/publications/forktail/17pdfs/Choudhury-Nagaland.pdf
  • Narayanan SP, Thomas AP and Sreekumar B (2011) Ornithofauna and its conservation in the Kuttanad wetlands, southern portion of Vembanad-Kole Ramsar site, India Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(4) 1663–1676 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2011/April/o187026iv111663-1676.pdf
  • Shanbag A.B, Walia R and Borges S.D (2001) Impact of Konkan railway project on the avifauna of Carambolim lake in Goa Zoos' print journal 16(6) 503-508 Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2001/June/503-508.pdf
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at - http://envis-eptri.ap.nic.in/images/Vol.10,%20No.4,%202004.pdf
  • Sivaperuman C and Jayson EA (2000) Birds of Kol wetland, Thrissur, Kerala Zoo's print journal 15(10) 344-349pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2000/October/344-349.pdf
  • Pande S, Sant N, Ranade S, Pednekar S, Mestry P, Deshpande P, Kharat S and Deshmukh V (2007) Avifaunal survey of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, January 2007 Indian Birds 3 (5) 162–180pp Available at - http://www.indianbirds.in/pdfs/Avifaunal%20survey%20of%20Andaman%20and%20Nicobar%20Islands,%20January%202007.pdf
  • Deiva Oswin S (1999) Avifaunal diversity of Muthupet mangrove forest Zoo's print journal 14(6) 47-53 Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/1999/June/47-53.pdf
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2007/October/2839-2847.pdf
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1970) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford University Press 4 1-256pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-09-07

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