Epinephelus latifasciatus   (Temminck & Schlegel,  1842) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Size: 150 cm.

Max. weight reported: 58.6 kg.

Color: Three dark brown lines on body; fourth line from border of upper jaw below anterior 1/3 of eye through upper edge of base of pectoral fin to caudal base; in caudal peduncle, the lines on either side meet and run along its ventral edge; fourth line fades with growth; in smaller specimens there are two pale bands between the first, second, third and fourth lines; dorsal rays 11-13; maxillary long, reaching beyond posterior border of eye.

Body is oblong and laterally compressed. Its depth is 2.9 to 3.5 times in standard length. Preopercular border produced at angle, armed with several enlarged serrae. The operculum whose upper edge is distinctly convex has 3 black-edged flat spines, the middle spine much nearer to lower than to upper. A pair of short canines on each side of symphysis in each jaw; teeth in 2 rows on sides of lower jaw. Gill rakers moderately long, but much shorter than gill lamellae. The fins are well developed and include a single dorsal fin with 11 spines and 12-14 rays, an anal fin with 3 spines and 8 soft rays and a rounded caudal fin. Scales cycloid or feebly ctenoid; 60 to 66 pored scales in lateral line to caudal fin base.

Protogynous, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)
Epinephelus grammicus (Day, 1868)
(Junior synonym)
Priacanthichthys maderaspatensis Day, 1868
(Junior synonym)
Serranus grammicus Day, 1868
(Junior synonym)
Serranus latifasciatus Temminck & Schlegel, 1842
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Laterally Banded Grouper (English)
• Banded Grouper (English)
• Striped Grouper (English)
• Coral Cod (English)
• Grouper (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Demersal, Rocky, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Fishes, benthic crustaceans


• West Coast INDIA
• Persian Gulf
• Red Sea
• Gulf of Oman
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.26) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 01/2003-12/2003)
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Record: 12/2006-03/2009)
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sujatha, K (2004) Groupers off Visakhapatnam, northeast coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 46(1) 87-92 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Sujatha, K; Rao, KVLS and Padmavathi, P (2010) Length-weight relationship of four species of Epinephelus Bloch, 1793 in the catches off Visakhapatnam, east coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin 52(1) 96-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-30

Back to Search