Hilsa toli   (Valenciennes,  1847) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Clupeidae

Description
Size: 60 cm.

Color: Silvery, scales of back more or less conspicuously dark colored, in young with a dark shoulder spot. Fins light-colored, caudal diffusely dark margined.

Body is fusiform with 1/3rd depth of standard length, belly sharply keeled scutes, 17-18 pre pelvic and 11-13 post pelvic. Upper jaw has distinct median notch. Caudal fin longer than head. Dorsal fin with 14 or 15 branched rays.
Maxillary exceeds vertical through middle of eye, 2-2¼ in length of head. No postfrontal striae. Praeoperculum with an obtuse rounded angle, operculum 1½ – 1¾ higher than broad, suboperculum tapering behind. Origin of dorsal nearer to snout than to caudal, dorsal about as long at its base as its height which is about half the height of the body. Anal equals about the length of the dorsal but it is lower. Pectorals about as long as the head excluding the snout. Ventrals opposite to or a little behind middle of dorsal. Caudal, especially in adult, much longer than the head. Scales adherent, regularly arranged, longitudinally striated and crenulated, 17-18 prae- and 12-13 postventral keeled abdominal scutes. About 65 slender gillrakers at least as long as the eye.


Synonym (s)
Alausa toli Valenciennes, 1847
Clupea toli Day, 1878
Hilsa (Tenualosa) toli Whitehead, 1973
Macrura sinensis Misra (nec Linnaeus, 1976)

Common Name (s)
• Kajli Ilish (Bengali)
• Toli Shad (English)
• Bing
• Kelipila
• Chandan Ilisha (Bengali)
• Oolum (Tamil)
• Bhing (Marathi)
• Palla (Gujarati)
• Palvi (Gujarati)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• INDIA
• Maharashtra, Bassein INDIA
• Maharashtra, Palghar INDIA
• Maharashtra, Satpati Bay INDIA
• INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Gujarat, Off Kandla INDIA (Record: 1986-1987)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Myanmar Vantage Co., Ltd. Available at - http://www.vantagemyanmar.com/
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nair, VR; Govindan, K; Ramaiah, N and Gajbhiye, SN (1993) Fishery potential of the Gulf of Kachchh Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 23 91-103 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/2779/2/J_Indian_Fish_Assoc_23_91.pdf
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Clupeidae Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-02

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