Haliaeetus leucoryphus   (Pallas,  1771) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyright:vkalia

Size: 76-84 cm.

Voice: Loud, far-carrying raucous shrieks like the creaking of the unoiled bullock cart.

Habits: Rather sluggish, perching for long periods on a tree or support near water, feeds mainly on fish and ducks, breeds near lakes.

Sexes alike, female slightly larger. Adult: Dark brown with pale golden brown head, broad white broad white band across tail conspicuous in flight. Juvenile: Dark brown with dark ear-coverts, paler and grayer underparts, and very dark wing quills and tail (unbanded).

Nesting: Season- November to March. Nest- a massive stick platform at the top of some large isolated tree standing near water. Eggs- 3, white, broad ovals. Both sexes share all the domestic duties.

*It is generally absent from coast, tidal creeks or mangroves.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Pallas's Fish-Eagle (English)
• Machhmanga (Hindi)
• Dhenk (Hindi)
• Machharang (Hindi)
• Pallas’s Fishing Eagle (English)
• Pallas's Fish-eagle (English)
• Band-tailed Fish-eagle (English)
• Pallas's Sea-Eagle (English)
• Patras (Hindi)
• Macchgarud (Marathi)
• Pallas-no machhimaar, Matsya garud (Gujrati)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Increased disturbance, hunting and diminution of habitat quality (drainage and degradation of wetlands).)

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Chiefly fish, also waterfowl/waterbirds, snakes, frogs and turtles.
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable


• Orissa INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA
• Goa, Carambolim INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Birds of India Available at - http://www.kolkatabirds.com/
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, SR and Nandi, NC (2004) Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 81-90 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2007/October/2839-2847.pdf
  • Shanbag A.B, Walia R and Borges S.D (2001) Impact of Konkan railway project on the avifauna of Carambolim lake in Goa Zoos' print journal 16(6) 503-508 Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2001/June/503-508.pdf
  • Urfi AJ (2003) The birds of Okhla barrage bird sanctuary, Delhi, India Forktail 19 39-50pp Available at - http://www.orientalbirdclub.org/publications/forktail/19pdfs/Urfi-Okhla.pdf
  • Bird forum Available at - http://www.birdforum.net

Page last updated on:2013-01-24

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