Haliaeetus leucogaster   Gmelin,  1788 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyright: David Behrens

Size: 66-71 cm.

Voice: A loud nasal goose-like hinking.

Habits: Usually keeps singly or in pairs. Frequently soars, circling at great heights. Also spends time on rocks or dead trees, usually near water.

Sexes alike, female larger. Adult: Ashy-brown upper parts, white head, neck, underparts and terminal third of tail. Juvenile: Mainly brown with pale head, whitish tail and brownish sub terminal band.

Nesting: Seasion- October to June. Nest- a huge platform of sticks lined with green leaves, high up in a casuarina or other lofty tree near the seashore. Also on rocky offshore islets. Usually the traditional nest is renovated from year to year. Eggs- 2, white, unmarked.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Whitebellied Sea Eagle (English)
• Kohassa (Hindi)
• White-bellied Sea-Eagle (English)
• Dariai/Dariyayi garud (Gujrati)
• Sagaari garud (Marathi)
• Kadalali (Tamil)
• Ala gadda (Telugu)
• Muttayeya
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Largely sea snakes, fish, occasionally crabs, rats, and any living thing it can catch.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Goa, Cabo de Rama INDIA (Record: 20/07/1980)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Port INDIA
• Andaman & Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Goa, Taleigao Plateau INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at - http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/india/press/reports/greenpeace-biodiversity.pdf
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2007/October/2839-2847.pdf
  • Pande S, Sant N, Ranade S, Pednekar S, Mestry P, Deshpande P, Kharat S and Deshmukh V (2007) Avifaunal survey of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, January 2007 Indian Birds 3 (5) 162–180pp Available at - http://www.indianbirds.in/pdfs/Avifaunal%20survey%20of%20Andaman%20and%20Nicobar%20Islands,%20January%202007.pdf
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at - http://envis-eptri.ap.nic.in/images/Vol.10,%20No.4,%202004.pdf
  • Desai, M and Shanbag, AB (2012) An avifaunal case study of a plateau from Goa, India: an eye opener for conservation of plateau ecosystems Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(3) 2444–2453 Available at - www.threatenedtaxa.org

Page last updated on:2012-07-18

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