Scomberomorus koreanus   (Kishinouye,  1915) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Scombridae

Image copyrights: Cada, L.A.

Description
Size: 150 cm.

Max. weight reported: 15.0 kg

Color: Blue on back, sides silvery with spots scattered along lateral median line. Spinous dorsal fin uniformly black.

Body elongate and strongly compressed, its greatest depth greater than head length. Lower arm of preoperculum as long as or slightly longer than upper arm. Jaw teeth flattened, those in lower jaw longer; fine teeth on vomer and palatines. Gill rakers 2 or 3 in upper arm, 8 or 9 on lower arm of first gill arch (total 11 or 12). Interpelvic process small and bifid. Lateral line with many auxiliary branches extending dorsally and ventrally in anterior third, gradually curving down toward caudal peduncle. Intestine with 4 folds and 5 limbs. Swim bladder absent. Body covered with small scales. Dorsal spines (total): 14 - 17; Dorsal soft rays (total): 20 - 24; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 20 - 24; Vertebrae: 46 - 47.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders of eggs, open water/substratum egg scatterers.


Synonym (s)
Cybium koreanum Kishinouye, 1915
(Senior synonym)
Sawara koreanum (Kishinouye, 1915)
(Senior synonym)
Scomberomorus guttatus koreanus (Kishinouye, 1915)
(Senior synonym)
Scomberomorus koreanus (Kishinouye, 1915)
(Senior synonym)
Cybium koreanus Kishinouye, 1915
Scomberomorus (Pseudosawara) koreanus Munro, 1943
Scomberomorus guttatus koreanus Silas, 1964
Scomberomorus koreanus Devaraj, 1976
Cybium kuhlii (nec Cuvier) Day, 1876

Common Name (s)
• Seer Fish (English)
• Korean Seerfish (English)
• Vellura (Tamil)
• Bellara (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish. Marketed fresh and dried-salted.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Small schooling fishes, such as sardines and anchovies and on shrimps

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram Island INDIA
• INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Rao, DVS; Rao, KS; Iyer, CSP and Chittibabu, P (2008) Possible ecological consequences from the Sethu Samudram Canal Project, India Marine Pollution Bulletin Elsevier 56(2) 170-186 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2007.10.018
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Scombroid Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-29

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