Chlidonias niger   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Pbase

Size: 22-24 cm.

Voice: Shrill nasal kyew, kyek, kja.

Habits: Gregarious, generally feeds in small flocks catching insects in flight or by swooping on water.

Non-breeding (winter): Differs from Whiskered Tern by dull grey instead of silvery-grey mantle, from White-winged Black Tern by a black patch on each side of breast, near bend of wings. Breeding (summer): Dark slate-grey above, black below without the white wing-shoulder or white tail of White winged Black Tern.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Black Tern (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine, Open Sea, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Carnivorous (fish, frogs, crustacean).
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Goa, Divar INDIA (Record: 13/09/1999)
• Goa, Mandovi INDIA (Record: 13/09/1999)
• Goa, Chapora river INDIA (Record: 15/10/1999)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at -

Page last updated on:2013-02-11

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