Coryphaena hippurus   Linnaeus,  1758 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Richard Winterbottom

Size: Maximum 210 cm TL; common to 100 cm

Max. weight reported: 40 kg

Color: The color is striking with golden hues on the sides, metallic blues and greens on the back and sides, with white and yellow on the underparts. Small specimens have pronounced vertical bars on the sides of the body. Sides silvery with a golden sheen and 1 row of dark spots or golden blotches running below dorsal fin and 1, 2 or more rows on and below lateral line, some scattered irregularly; dorsal and anal fins black, the latter with a white edge; pectoral fins pale; caudal fin silvery with a golden sheen.

Body elongated and compressed laterally. Greatest body depth in adults less than 25% of standard length. Scales small. Eyes lateral; teeth present on jaws, vomers, palatines and tongue. Tooth patch on tongue small and oval. Single dorsal fin extending from above eye almost to caudal fin with 58-66 rays. Ventral thoracic. A concave anal fin extending from anus almost to caudal fin. Caudal deeply forked. Pectoral fin more than half of head length. Caudal vertebrae usually 18. Mature males posses a prominent bony crest in front of the head. Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 58 - 66; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 25 - 31; Vertebrae: 31.

Dioecious, external fertilization. Nonguarders of eggs, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Spawns in the open sea and probably approximate to the coast when water temperature rises. Eggs and larvae are pelagic.

Forms schools. Attracting devices such as floating bundles of bamboo reeds or cork planks are used to concentrate dolphin fish before the nets are set.

Max. age reported: 4 years

Synonym (s)
Coryphaena argyrurus Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena chrysurus Lacepede, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena dolfyn Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena dorado Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena fasciolata Pallas, 1770
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena immaculata Agassiz, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena imperialis Rafinesque, 1810
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1845
(Ambiguous synonym)
Coryphaena margravii Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena nortoniana Lowe, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena scomberoides Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena suerii Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena virgata Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena vlamingii Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Lampugus siculus Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Lepimphis hippuroides Rafinesque, 1810
(Junior synonym)
Scomber pelagicus Linnaeus, 1758
(Junior synonym)
Corypaena hippurua Linnaeus, 1758
Coryphaena hipporus Linnaeus, 1758
Coryphaena hyppurus Linnaeus, 1758

Common Name (s)
• Pomfret (Bengali)
• Common Dolphinfish (English)
• Dolphin Fish (English)
• Adadio (Gujarati)
• Halwa (Gujarati)
• Himra Machhi (Gujarati)
• Thondrotte (Kannada)
• Fiyala (Mahl)
• Affunose (Malayalam)
• Avoli (Malayalam)
• Karuvoli (Malayalam)
• Vellavoli (Malayalam)
• Abanoos (Marathi)
• Halwa (Marathi)
• Himra Masa (Marathi)
• Baal (Oriya)
• Badahlan (Tamil)
• Karuvaval (Tamil)
• Koppurai Kula (Tamil)
• Vanna (Tamil)
• Vavval (Tamil)
• Vellaivaval (Tamil)
• Chanduva (Telugu)
• Nallachanduva (Telugu)
• Thellachanduva (Telugu)
• Dolphin (English)
• Ayilis
• Common Dolphin Fish
• Imero
• Daria Gai
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, gamefish. Marketed frozen and fresh and is of high value.
Causes ciguatera poisoning.)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Estuarine, Open Sea, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Fish and zooplankton; also takes crustaceans and squid. Diet also varies slightly with predator size (small dolphinfish eat fewer flyingfish and more squid than larger sized dolphinfish), and with sex (males take proportionally more of the active fast swimming species such as flyingfish, squid and dolphinfish than do females)
Predator:  Fishes (Thunnus alalunga, Istiophorus platypterus, Makaira indica, Makaira nigricans, Coryphaena hippurus, Tetrapturus audax, Xiphias gladius, Thunnus albacares, Makaira mazara, Sphyrna zygaena), birds (Anous stolidus, Sterna fuscata)


• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Record: 2004-2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Rohit, P; Rao, GS and Rammohan, K (2008) Yellowfin tuna fishery by traditional fishermen at Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 62-68 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 2 Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ammini, PL; Khambadkar, LL and Augustine, SK (2008) A brief report on the marine fisheries of Puri, Orissa Marine Fisheries Information Service Technical and Extension Series CMFRI 195 6-10 Available at -
  • Kumaran, M; Mohan, RSL and Murty, VS (1989) Other fin-fish resources Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 65-72 Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at -
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-30

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