Coryphaena hippurus   Linnaeus,  1758 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Coryphaenidae

Image copyrights: Richard Winterbottom

Description
Size: Maximum 210 cm TL; common to 100 cm

Max. weight reported: 40 kg

Color: The color is striking with golden hues on the sides, metallic blues and greens on the back and sides, with white and yellow on the underparts. Small specimens have pronounced vertical bars on the sides of the body. Sides silvery with a golden sheen and 1 row of dark spots or golden blotches running below dorsal fin and 1, 2 or more rows on and below lateral line, some scattered irregularly; dorsal and anal fins black, the latter with a white edge; pectoral fins pale; caudal fin silvery with a golden sheen.

Body elongated and compressed laterally. Greatest body depth in adults less than 25% of standard length. Scales small. Eyes lateral; teeth present on jaws, vomers, palatines and tongue. Tooth patch on tongue small and oval. Single dorsal fin extending from above eye almost to caudal fin with 58-66 rays. Ventral thoracic. A concave anal fin extending from anus almost to caudal fin. Caudal deeply forked. Pectoral fin more than half of head length. Caudal vertebrae usually 18. Mature males posses a prominent bony crest in front of the head. Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 58 - 66; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 25 - 31; Vertebrae: 31.

Dioecious, external fertilization. Nonguarders of eggs, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Spawns in the open sea and probably approximate to the coast when water temperature rises. Eggs and larvae are pelagic.

Forms schools. Attracting devices such as floating bundles of bamboo reeds or cork planks are used to concentrate dolphin fish before the nets are set.

Max. age reported: 4 years


Synonym (s)
Coryphaena argyrurus Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena chrysurus Lacepede, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena dolfyn Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena dorado Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena fasciolata Pallas, 1770
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena immaculata Agassiz, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena imperialis Rafinesque, 1810
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1845
(Ambiguous synonym)
Coryphaena margravii Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena nortoniana Lowe, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena scomberoides Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena suerii Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena virgata Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena vlamingii Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Lampugus siculus Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Lepimphis hippuroides Rafinesque, 1810
(Junior synonym)
Scomber pelagicus Linnaeus, 1758
(Junior synonym)
Corypaena hippurua Linnaeus, 1758
(Misspelling)
Coryphaena hipporus Linnaeus, 1758
(Misspelling)
Coryphaena hyppurus Linnaeus, 1758
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Pomfret (Bengali)
• Common Dolphinfish (English)
• Dolphin Fish (English)
• Adadio (Gujarati)
• Halwa (Gujarati)
• Himra Machhi (Gujarati)
• Thondrotte (Kannada)
• Fiyala (Mahl)
• Affunose (Malayalam)
• Avoli (Malayalam)
• Karuvoli (Malayalam)
• Vellavoli (Malayalam)
• Abanoos (Marathi)
• Halwa (Marathi)
• Himra Masa (Marathi)
• Baal (Oriya)
• Badahlan (Tamil)
• Karuvaval (Tamil)
• Koppurai Kula (Tamil)
• Vanna (Tamil)
• Vavval (Tamil)
• Vellaivaval (Tamil)
• Chanduva (Telugu)
• Nallachanduva (Telugu)
• Thellachanduva (Telugu)
• Dolphin (English)
• Ayilis
• Common Dolphin Fish
• Imero
• Daria Gai
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, gamefish. Marketed frozen and fresh and is of high value.
Causes ciguatera poisoning.)
Cultured:  Yes

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Estuarine, Open Sea, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Fish and zooplankton; also takes crustaceans and squid. Diet also varies slightly with predator size (small dolphinfish eat fewer flyingfish and more squid than larger sized dolphinfish), and with sex (males take proportionally more of the active fast swimming species such as flyingfish, squid and dolphinfish than do females)
Predator:  Fishes (Thunnus alalunga, Istiophorus platypterus, Makaira indica, Makaira nigricans, Coryphaena hippurus, Tetrapturus audax, Xiphias gladius, Thunnus albacares, Makaira mazara, Sphyrna zygaena), birds (Anous stolidus, Sterna fuscata)

Biogeography


• INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Record: 2004-2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-01-30

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