Abudefduf saxatilis   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Size: 20 cm TL

Max. weight reported: 200 g.

Color: Variable. The most common color is bluish grey overall with the upper flanks being bright yellow. Five dark, vertical bars run across the sides of the body with the anterior bar commencing just before the dorsal fin peduncle. The fins are dusky to blackish

The body is deep and compressed and somewhat ovoid in shape. Head 3.0-3.3 in standard length, 4.1-4.4 in total length. Depth of body 1.8-2.0 in standard length, 2.4-2.6 in total length. Eye diameter 3.2-3.6 in head, 0.8 in snout and 1.1-1.3 in interorbital space. Teeth somewhat truncate, uniserial in jaws. Preorbital naked, suborbital scaly. 3 ½ rows of scales on preopercle, posterior flange naked. Scales on upper part of head reaching to nostrils. Pectoral fin slightly longer than head. Ventral fin as long as pectoral.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XIII, 12-13; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 12-13; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 16-17; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 20-21+7-9; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 3 ½ +1+11.

Dioecious, external fertilization, guarders, nesters. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding. Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate. Male guards and aerates eggs. Adult males adopt a bluish ground color when guarding eggs.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Abudefduf ascensionis Fowler, 1919
(Junior synonym)
Abudefduf caudobimaculatus (non Okada & Ikeda, 1939)
(Misapplied name)
Abudefduf coelestinus (non Cuvier, 1830)
(Misapplied name)
Abudefduf marginatus (Bloch, 1787)
(Junior synonym)
Abudefduf septemfasciatus (non Cuvier, 1830)
(Misapplied name)
Abudefduf vaigiensis (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
(Misapplied name)
Apogon quinquevittatus Blyth, 1858
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon marginatus Bloch, 1787
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon mauritii Bloch, 1787
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon sargoides Lacepede, 1802
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon saxatilis Linnaeus, 1758
(Senior synonym)
Glyphidodon saxatilis (Linnaeus, 1758)
(Senior synonym)
Glyphisodon biniar Montrouzier, 1857
(Junior synonym)
Glyphisodon moucharra Lacepede, 1802
(Junior synonym)
Glyphisodon rahti (non Cuvier, 1830)
(Misapplied name)
Glyphisodon vaigiensis (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
(Misapplied name)
Chaetodon saxatilis Linnaeus, 1758
Abudefduf saxatilis Smith, 1949
Abudefduf saxatilis vaigiensis de Beaufort, 1940
Abudefduf saxiatilis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Abudefduf sexatilis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name (s)
• Sergeant Major (English)
• Galiburang (Mahl)
• Kalli (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium, fisheries, Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Anemones, benthic algae, copepods, small fishes
Predator:  Plectropomus leopardus, Thalassoma bifasciatum, Cephalopholis cruentata, Epinephelus striatus, Mycteroperca venenosa, Rachycentron canadum


• West Coast INDIA
• Red Sea
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)

Literature Source(s)
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7786/1/678-Mur.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (2001) Ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India 56 103-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8574/1/Murty.pdf
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Reef Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-08

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