Pentaprion longimanus   (Cantor,  1849) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: CSIRO

Size: 12.7-15 cm.

Color: Silvery, with a mirror-like stripe from snout to caudal peduncle.

Height 2.25-2.75, head 3.25-3.50 in length. Eye about 2.75, nearly equal to inter orbital space, longer than pointed snout, rostro-dorsal profile slightly convex, with a flat concavity before eye. Maxillary reaches to below front border of eye, mandibular profile straight. Spines slender, the third dorsal about twice height of body, second anal about one third that height. Pectorals longer than head, reaching anal, ventrals not longer than diameter of eye. Body is slender, with weakly attached silvery scales. The spines of the dorsal and anal fins are longer than the rays. The pectoral fins are long and pointed, reaching beyond the anal fin spines. The anal fin is long; the caudal fin lobes rounded. Dorsal spines (total): 9 - 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14 - 15; Anal spines: 5 - 6; Anal soft rays: 12 - 13.

Forms large schools.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Equula longimana Cantor, 1849
(Senior synonym)
Equula longimanus Cantor, 1849
(Ambiguous synonym)
Pentaprion longimanus Day, 1876
Pentaprion longimana (Cantor, 1849)

Common Name (s)
• Neersuthumbu (Tamil)
• Longfin Mojarra (English)
• Longfin Silver Biddy (English)
• Biddy (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries. Used for fish meal and duck food.)

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Polychaetes, crustaceans and small benthic animals


• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• South Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Off West Coast INDIA
• Off South Coast INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 32-119 mts)
• Andaman Sea INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 32-119 mts)
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 2 Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Manna, B and Goswami, BCB (1985) A check-list of marine and estuarine fishes of Digha, West Bengal, India Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 18(4) 489-499 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-02

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