Leiognathus equlus   (Forskal)  (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Max. size: 242 mm

Color: Silvery, vertical bars present on upper half of body. Small brown saddle dorsally on caudal peduncle. Dorsal fin hyaline, anal yellowish; axil of pectoral darkish gray.

Body deep; breast with thin scales; head naked. Mandible prominently concave. Protracted mouth points downwards; back nearly angular. Nuchal spine present. Lateral line extends up to caudal base. Pelvic fins reach very nearly the origin of anal.

Synonym (s)
Scomber equla Forskal 1775
Leiognathus edentula Day 1878
Equla edentula Day 1878
Leiognathus equlus Munro 1955

Common Name (s)
• Greater Pony Fish (English)
• Surukonam Karai (Tamil)
• Karah (Telugu)
• Tunka Chandee (Oriya)
Economic Importance and Threats

Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Copepods, cirrepede larvae, lamellibranch and gastropod veligers and some phytoplanktonic organisms


• Palk Bay INDIA (Record: 1984)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA (Record: 1984)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Back to Search