Larus minutus   Pallas,  1776 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Pbase

Size: 25-30 cm.

Voice: Short kek or kik.

Habits: A graceful species, which swims lightly by sitting on water, feeds on insects from water surface or by hawking.

Sexes alike. Non-breeding (winter): Forehead, lores and a line over eyes white, crown and nape soft bluish-grey, remaining upperparts blue-grey, except white upper tail-coverts and tail, underparts white. Breeding (summer): Head and upper neck pure black.

Breeding season- The species breeds from late-June in mixed-species colonies and subcolonies occasionally as large as 2,000 individuals, sometimes also in more solitary scattered pairs. Nest- The nest varies from a shallow depression to a much more substantial structure depending on the situation.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Little Gull (English)
• Nani vadhomadi (Gujrati)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Carnivorous (fish, prawns, carcass on seaboard, insects etc., inland).
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Maharashtra, Mumbai harbour INDIA (Record: 1910)
• Gujarat INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at -
  • Gibbon-Hill CA, Campbell B, Campbell R and Prytherch R (1976) A guide to the birds of the coast Constable and Company Ltd 13-283pp Available at - Goa University
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at -
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at -
  • Urfi AJ (2003) The birds of Okhla barrage bird sanctuary, Delhi, India Forktail 19 39-50pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-07-13

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