Caloglossa leprieurii   (Montagne) G. Martens,  1869 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Ceramiales
Family:Delesseriaceae

Image copyright: M. Kamiya

Description
Color: Dark purple

Thalli 2-3 cm high, about 1 mm broad. Plant body thalloid; with forking blades, dichotomously branched; branches arising from the margins; branched segments with distinct midribs; plants prostrate, appressed to the substratum by means of a cluster of rhizoids arising from the ventral surface; primary exogenous branches arising from the segment cell of the apical cell; rarely a few endogenous branches also arise from the midrib of nodal region.

Tetrasporangia tetrahedrally divided, abundant in lines following the cell rows on both sides ofthe midrib. Cystocarps globose, on the upper branches or inside of the midrib.

Plants grow by tolerating a wide range of salinities (5-35%) but the gametophytic growth is more controlled by temperature.


Synonym (s)
Delesseria leprieurii Montagne, 1840
Hypoglossum leprieurii (Montagne) Kutzing, 1849
Hypoglossum vieillardii Kutzing, 1863
Hypoglossum pygmaeum G. Martens, 1871
Membranoptera pygmaea (G. Martens) Kuntze, 1891
Delesseria pygmaea (G. Martens) Prain, 1905
Caloglossa leprieurii f. pygmaea (G. Martens) Post, 1936
Caloglossa adnata f. divaricata Post, 1936
Caloglossa leprieurii f. ceylonensis Post, 1936
Caloglossa leprieurii var. subtilissima G. Martens, 1869

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Used as medicine in China)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• MYANMAR
• INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• MAURITIUS
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• SRI LANKA
• Goa, Anjuna INDIA
• Goa, Vagator INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA
• Kerala, Kollam INDIA
• Kerala, Varkala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muthupet INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Kannan L and Thangaradjou (1998) Seaweeds and seagrasses of Porto Novo Annamalai University, Parangipettai 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Divekar, RB; Kerkar, V (2008) Present status of seaweed diversity at Anjuna and Vagatore (Goa) Available at - Library Goa University, Goa
  • Untawale, AG; Dhargalkar, VK and Deshmukhe, GV (2000) Prioritization of potential sites for marine biodiversity conservation in India Setting biodiversity conservation priorities for India: Summary of the findings and conclusions of the biodiversity conservation prioritization project World Wide Fund for Nature - India, New Delhi (India) Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1614/2/Setting_Biodiversity_Conserv_Priorities_India_2000_1_104.pdf
  • Tseng, CK (Ed.) (1983) Common seaweeds of China Science Press 316 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR (1987) Distribution of the important Indian marine algae Seaweed research and utilization in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 41 100-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8209/1/Bulletin_No_41.pdf
  • Balakrishnan, S; Ravichandran, M and Kaliaperumal, N Studies on the distribution and standing crop of algae at Muthupet estuary, Tamilnadu Seaweed Research and Utilization 15(1&2) 63-68 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-12-13

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