Larus heuglini   Bree,  1876 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Pbase

Size: 58-65 cm.

Voice: Loud harsh kee-ow, kee-ow, etc.

Habits: Gregarious, flies gracefully, scavenger, forages on aquatic invertebrates in mudflats or by wading. Regularly flies between roosting and feeding places at dusk and dawn, pirates food like skuas.

Sexes alike, a large, heavy gull with bright yellow bill and legs, a bright red patch near tip of lower mandible. Non-breeding (winter): Head and hindneck with brown streaks. Breeding (summer): Head, neck, underparts and tail snow-white, mantle pearl-grey, wing-quills black with white near tip.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Heuglin's Gull (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Carnivorous (fish waste, molluscs, crabs, also steals eggs and chicks from terns).


• West coast INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at -
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at -
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at -
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at -
  • European environmental agency Available at -

Page last updated on:2013-02-11

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