Drepane longimana   (Bloch & Schneider,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Drepaneidae

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Description
Size: Maximum 40 cm; common 25 cm.

Color: Generally silvery with greenish tinge on upper half of body and a large orange spot just above the base of the pectoral fin; 4 to 11 vertical bands of small black spots on upper half of body; margins of dorsal, anal, caudal and pelvic fins greyish black.

Body is strongly compressed, deep-bodied fish and its depth is about equal to the standard length. Mouth protractile; teeth pointed, slender, crowded together; fringe of 4 to 6 short cirri ventrally on lower jaw (absent in specimens 10 or more inches in total length. Body is densely covered with cycloid scales except for patches in front of the eyes and on the preoperculum which are naked. Scales along the lateral line are arranged in series of 46-55. Fins include a single dorsal with 8 spines and 21-22 soft rays, an anal of 3 spines and 17-19 rays, very long pectorals reaching the caudal peduncle and a double emarginate caudal. A deep notch differentiates the spinous dorsal from the soft.


Synonym (s)
Chaetodon longimanus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Drepane longimana Murthy, 1969
Chaetodon punctata Linnaeus, 1758
Drepane longimanus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Common Name (s)
• Banded Drepane (English)
• Spotted Sicklefish (English)
• Concertina fish (English)
• Barred Sicklefish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Crabs, marine worms, shrimps

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• INDIA
• Red Sea
• Arabian Sea
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Manna, B and Goswami, BCB (1985) A check-list of marine and estuarine fishes of Digha, West Bengal, India Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 18(4) 489-499 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/Mahasagar/Mahasagar_V-18/Mahasagar_18%284%29_489.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-18

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