Prionospio cirrifera   Wiren,  1883 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Spionida
Family:Spionidae

Image copyrights: Humboldt Bay Harbor Recreation & Conservation District

Description
Length: 2-4 cm.

Color: Yellowish-white.

Slender worm. First few segments flat and remaining circular. A pair of long palps easily detachable and missing in many specimens. Prostomium rectangular with a keel like crest towards back; 2 pairs of small black eyes; long narrow gills from 2nd segment to the 14-15th segment; anterior feet with long capillary setae in both rami; hooded hooks from 9th segment ventrally and from 30th segments dorsally. Posterior segments with several hooks and few capillaries. Pygidium with a median anal cirri. Specimens enclosed in thin mud tubes.


Synonym (s)
Prionospio cirrifera Fauvel, 1932
Prionospio cirrifera Fauvel, 1953
Laonice cirrata minuta Augener, 1921

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Orissa, Satpara INDIA
• Orissa, Gorapur INDIA
• Orissa, Barkul INDIA
• West Bengal, Gangetic Delta INDIA
• Southwest Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1974-03/1976)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Bay INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA (Record: 1985)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 1994, 1995)
• Maharashtra, Mahim Creek (Lat: 19.03) (Long: 72.82) INDIA (Record: 11/1979-12/1980)
• Goa, Ribandar INDIA (Record: 1982-1983) (Depth: -10 mts)
• Kerala, Anchuthengu INDIA
• Kerala, Kayamkulam INDIA
• Kerala, Chettuva INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Arukkattuthurai (Lat: 10.39) (Long: 79.86) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Manalmelkudi (Lat: 10.42) (Long: 79.31) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam (Lat: 9.95) (Long: 79.18) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Palk Bay INDIA
• INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam Coast INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• Kerala, Trivandrum INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• Pondicherry INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Cooum Estuary (Lat: 13.16) (Long: 80.26) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Backwaters INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, CAN (1995) Annelida: Polychaeta Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 319-336 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jayaraj, KA; Sheeba, P; Jacob, J; Revichandran, C; Arun, PK; Praseeda, KS; Nisha, PA and Rasheed, KA (2007) Response of infaunal macrobenthos to the sediment granulometry in a tropical continental margin-southwest coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 77(4) 743-754 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2007.11.016
  • Pillai, NGK (2001) On some benthic polychaetes from Cochin Estuary Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 120-135 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Raut, D; Ganesh, T; Murty, NVSS and Raman, AV (2005) Macrobenthos of Kakinada Bay in the Godavari delta, East coast of India: comparing decadal changes Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 62(4) 609-620 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2004.09.029
  • Kumar, RS (2001) Biodiversity and affinity of polychaetous annelids within the mangrove ecosystem of Indo-Pacific region Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 206-213 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varshney, PK and Govindan, K (1995) Macrobenthos off Mahim (Bombay), west coast of India in relation to coastal pollution and aquaculture Journal of Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 25 47-56 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/395
  • Parulekar, AH., Ansari, ZA and Ingole, BS. (1986) Effect of mining activities on the clam fisheries and bottom fauna of Goa estuaries Proceedings of the Indian Academy of science (Animal Science) 1986 325-339 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Polychaetae of Humboldt Bay Humboldt Bay recreation & conservation district Available at - http://www.humboldtbay.org/galleries/worms/listing.php
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Rao, S; Rao, MS and Annapurna, C (2009) Polychaete community structure of Vasishta Godavari estuary,east coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 51(2) 137-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2167/1/137-144-Srinivasa_Rao.pdf
  • Nandan, BS (2007) Faunal Biodiversity of selected Wetland Ecosystems of Kerala Kerala Environment Congress 2007 Centre for Environment and Development, Kerala, India 106-126pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varadharajan, D; Soundarapandian, P; Gunalan, B and Babu, R (2010) Seasonal abundance of macro benthic composition and diversity along the south east coast of India European Journal of Applied Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (1) 1-5 Available at - www.idosi.org/ejas/2(1)10/1.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jayaraj, KA; Josia, J and Kumar, PKD (2008) Infaunal Macrobenthic Community of Soft Bottom Sediment in a Tropical Shelf Journal of Coastal Research CERF 24(3) 708–718 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints08/J_Coast_Res_24_708.pdf
  • Musale, AS and Desai, DV (2011) Distribution and abundance of macrobenthic polychaetes along the south Indian coast Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer 178(1-4) 423-436 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1701-3
  • Panikkar, NK and Aiyar, RG (1937) The brackish water fauna of Madras Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section B Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India 6(5) 284-337 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-08

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