Phalaropus fulicaria   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Pbase

Size: 20-22 cm.

Voice: Shrill wit.

Habits: Pelagic, and gregarious.

Sexes alike in winter plumage, slightly larger than Red-necked Phalarope with short, thick, dark horny bill, and brownish legs. Non-breeding (winter): A prominent dark patch from eye-coverts, uniformly pale grey upperparts, chiefly yellow bill and yellowish lobes on toes separate it from Red-necked Phalarope. Breeding (summer): Female: Unmistakable with black-tipped yellow bill, black crown and front of face, white face patch, brick red, neck and underparts, and rufous fringes to the feathers of upper parts. Male: Duller than female with on neck, flanks and belly.

Synonym (s)
Tringa fulicaria (Linnaeus, 1758)
Phalaropus fulicaria (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name (s)
• Red Phalarope (English)
• Grey Phalarope (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Pelagic, Open Sea, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  chiefly of invertebrates, such as adult and larval insects (e.g. beetles, caddisflies, dipteran flies, bugs), molluscs, crustaceans, annelid worms, spiders, mites, jellyfish, plankton, including amphipods less than 2 mm long, Hydrozoa and small fish
IUCN Status:  Least Concern



Literature Source(s)
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at -
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at -
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at -
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at -
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1969) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 2 1-337pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2013-01-30

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