Trachinotus bailloni   (Lacepede,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Carangidae

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Description
Size: 50 cm.

Color: Grayish-green above and silvery-white below with the sides having 1-5 dark spots in a longitudinal row on or near the lateral line. The caudal, second dorsal, and anal fins are Grey to black with their lobes usually darkest. Pectoral fins are pale to dusky yellow while the pelvic fins are pale yellow to orange yellow.

Body is elongate and strongly compressed. Snout is blunt. Fins include two separate dorsals with the first dorsal having 6 short spines, the first of which points forward. This is followed by a single spine and 20-24 soft rays. The first rays of dorsal and anal fins become more sickle-shaped with age with the dorsal fin lobe consistently shorter than the anal fin lobe in larger specimens. Ventral profile somewhat more arched than dorsal, height 2.3-2.5, head small, 3.8 in length, its rostro-nuchal profile ascending in a nearly straight line, its nuchal keel slightly developed. Eye 3.5-4 in head, with the adipose eyelid rudimentary, its diameter slightly less than obtuse snout. Jaw equal, the upper terminating below front border of eye. Cleft of mouth opposite lower third of eye. Villi form teeth on jaws, vomer and palatines. Scales small, rounded, conspicuous, present on cheeks and temporal region, the head otherwise naked, lateral line rectilinear, slightly curved anteriorly, the sensory scales with a pore. Origin of soft dorsal about half length of head behind vent, anterior rays produced, the first the longest, extending in adult nearly to end of fin, anal similar but slightly higher. Pectorals shorter than head but longer than ventrals, which go 9 times or more in length of body, caudal with largely produced lobes.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Caesiomorus bailloni Lacepede, 1802
Caesiomorus quadripunctatus Ruppell, 1828
Trachinotus bailloni Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Trachynotus quadripunctatus Cantor, 1850
Trachinotus bailloni Bleeker, 1852
Trachinotus baillonii Gunther, 1860
Trachinotus baillonii Klunzinger, 1871
Trachinotus bailloni Gunther, 1876
Trachinotus bailloni Day, 1888
Trachynotus baillonii Macleary, 1881
Trachynoths baillonii Klunzinger, 1884
Trachinotus baillonii Evermann and Seale, 1907
Trachinotus baillonii Kendall and Goldborough, 1911
Trachinotus bailloni Ogilby, 1916
Trachinotus bailloni McCulloch, 1919
Trachynotus bailloni Wakiya, 1924
Trachynotus bailloni Wakiya, 1924
Trachinotus baillonii Whitley, 1927
Trachinotus baillonii Fowler, 1928
Trachinotus bailloni Weber and de Beaufort, 1931
Trachinotus baillonii Day, 1878

Common Name (s)
• Smallspotted Dart (English)
• Baillon's Dart (English)
• Vali
• Anjupulli
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Gamefish)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Small fishes, bivalve molluscs, crabs and marine worms

Biogeography


• Gulf of Oman
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Kumaran, M; Mohan, RSL and Murty, VS (1989) Other fin-fish resources Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 65-72 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Sreenivasan, PV (1974) On two new records of carangid fishes from Indian seas Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 21 (1) 20-28 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1137/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Silas, EG and Pillai, PP (1982) Bait fishes Resources of tunas and related species and their fisheries in the Indian Ocean, CMFRI Bulletin, 32 CMFRI 32 136-140 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/806/1/Bulletin_No_32.pdf
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-30

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