Scoloplos marsupialis   Southern,  1921 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:
Family:Orbiniidae

Description
Length: 4-8 cm. 210 segments.

Body is divided into flat thorax of 17-19 segments and a long cylindrical abdomen of several segments. Prostomium conical and proboscis sac-like with several lobes. Paired lanceolate gills appear from 15-16th segment and continue till the posterior end. Serrated capillaries dorsally and capillaries & simple hooks ventrally, dorsal cirri enlarged in the abdomen. A membraneous pocket like structure in between each foot from 17th segment.


Synonym (s)
Scoloplos marsupialis Southern, 1921
Scoloplos marsupialis Fauvel, 1932

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Muddy

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Goa (Lat: 15.65) (Long: 73.74) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin beach (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA
• INDIA
• Orissa, Arkhakuda INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA (Record: 1995)

Literature Source(s)
  • Harkantra, SN and Rodrigues, NR (2003) Pattern of species succession of soft-bottom macrofauna in the estuaries of Goa, west coast of India Current Science 85(10) 1458-1464 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rao, CAN (1995) Annelida: Polychaeta Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 319-336 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Eibye-Jacobson, D (Ed) (2002) Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Polychaetes of the Andaman Sea, Phuket Marine Biological Center, Department of Fisheries, Thailand, 3 June-27 August 1997 Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication no. 24 Phuket Marine Biological Center, Phuket, Thailand 424 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, CAN (1999) Observations on a collection of polychaetes from Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 97(1) 43-47 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Southern, R (1921) Fauna of the Chilka lake (Polychaeta of the Chilka lake and also of fresh and brackish waters in other parts of India) Memoirs of the Indian Museum Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Khan, AS and Murugesan, P (2005) Polychaete diversity in Indian estuaries Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 114-119 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/1548
  • Rodrigues, NR (2003) Benthic ecology and bioturbation in the coastal waters of Goa, India Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Murugesan, P and Khan, SA (1998) Polychaetes of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University, Parangipettai 110 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-03-24

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