Caranx sem   Cuvier,  1833 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Color: Yellow-bronze above and silvery to yellow-green below. The caudal fin is bright yellow to dusky with the distal half of the upper lobe black. Other fins are yellowish to yellow-olive

Body is compressed with its dorsal profile strongly convex. Cleft of mouth about the level of lower edge of eye; maxilla extends to below middle of eye. Eye diameter 5.5 to 6.3 times in head length. Upper jaw with an outer row of moderate conical teeth and an inner band of small fine teeth; lower jaw with a single row of conical teeth. The entire body, except for a small naked portion on the lower breast is covered with small scales. Two separate dorsal fins occur, with the first dorsal having one forward pointing spine and 7 or 8 normal spines. The second dorsal fin has 1 spine and 18-21 soft rays. The anal fin has 2 detached spines followed by 1 spine and 15-17 soft rays; soft dorsal and anal fins with moderate falcate lobes. Pectoral fins falcate. The caudal fin is deeply forked. There are between 24 to 27 gill rakers on the first gill arch with 6-8 rakers occurring on the upper limb and 17-19 on the lower limb. Lateral line anteriorly with a strong and regular arch, joins lateral line straight under 5th to 6th soft dorsal ray; with 32 to 36 scutes, strong.

Synonym (s)
Caranx sem Cuvier, 1833
Caranx williamsi Smith: Dutt and Shameem, 1977

Common Name (s)
• Blacktip trevally (English)
• Yellowtail Kingfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal
Prey:  Reef fishes, crustaceans, squids


• Red Sea
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Colachel INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Gujarat, Jakhau-Babber Creek (Lat: 23.5) (Long: 68.6) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Sangi-Kharo Creek (Lat: 23.28) (Long: 68.51) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)

Literature Source(s)
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Shameem, A and Dutt, S (1986) Fishes of the family carangidae from Visakhaptnam: List if species and new records from the Indian seas Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 28(1&2) 159-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Saravanakumar, A; Rajkumar, M; Serebiah, JS and Thivakaran, GA (2009) Fishery resources in arid zone mangroves in gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, northwest coast of India Journal of Ocean University of China Springer 8(3) 233-240 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-11-29

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