Carangoides armatus   (Ruppell,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Size: Max length 57.0 cm TL (male/unsexed); common length 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed).

Max. weight reported: 3,500 g.

Color: Dusky to bluish grey above and silvery white below. A black spot occurs on the upper margin of the operculum. The caudal fin is grey with black edges while the anal fin is whitish except for the first filamentous ray which is dusky. Juveniles often have dark bands across the body.

Compressed body with a very steep but straight head profile from the nape to the snout. The large, terminal mouth has protractile jaws with the lower jaw slightly protruding. Upper jaw (maxilla) reaching to below almost centre of eye. Teeth in villiform bands, occur in both jaws. Gill rakers 10 to 15 + 20 to 24, total 31 to 37 on first arch. There are two dorsal fins; first dorsal fin with 1 procumbent (forward pointing) spine (partially embedded in skin) and 8 normal spines; second dorsal fin with 1 spine and 19 to 22 soft rays; first dorsal ray produced into a long filament, 0.5 to 0.7 times in head length. Dorsal and anal fins with strong falcate lobes, which are produced into long filaments. The anal fin has two detached spines followed by 1 spine and 16 to 18 soft rays. The pelvic fins which are relatively large in juveniles (<20 cm) become considerably reduced in adults. The body except for a scaleless part on the breast between the pelvic fins and the pectoral fin base, is covered with small cycloid scales. Lateral line anteriorly with a moderate, regular arch, joins lateral line straight below 13th soft dorsal ray; curved portion moderately arched, 1/4 longer than straight portion; 11 to 24 feeble scutes on straight portion.

Synonym (s)
Sciaena armatus Forsskal, 1775
Caranx armatus Day, 1878
Caranx plumbeus Jordan and Seale, 1906
Citula armata Ruppell, 1830
Carangoides armatus Williams, Heemstra and Shameem, 1980
Caranx armatus (Ruppell, 1830)
Caranx ciliaris Cuvier, 1833
Caranx ciliarius Cuvier, 1833
Caranx pescadorensis (Oshima, 1924)
Caranx schlegeli Wakiya, 1924
Citula pescadorensis Oshima, 1924

Common Name (s)
• Armed Trevelly (English)
• Longfin Cavalla (English)
• Tchawil Parah (Telugu)
• Tanga Parah (Tamil)
• Kalati Kavali (Marathi)
• Kat Bangoda (Marathi)
• Longfin Trevally (English)
• Parai
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Rocky, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Small fish, Post-larval fishes and crustaceans as prawn larvae


• Red Sea
• Gulf of Aden
• Gulf of Oman
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thoothukkudi Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman Sea (Lat: 14.23) (Long: 93.43) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 38 mts)
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 03/1954-07/1955)
• Orissa INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Devipatnam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Shakila, RJ; Vijayalakshmi, K and Jeyasekaran, G (2003) Changes in histamine and volatile amines in six commercially important species of fish of the Thoothukkudi coast of Tamil Nadu, India stored at ambient temperature Food Chemistry Elsevier 82(3) 347-352 Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Basheeruddin, S and Nayar, KN (1961) A preliminary study of the juvenile fishes of the coastal waters off Madras city Indian Journal of Fisheries Ernakulam, Cochin-ll, India 8 (1) 169-188 Available at -
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ammini, PL; Khambadkar, LL and Augustine, SK (2008) A brief report on the marine fisheries of Puri, Orissa Marine Fisheries Information Service Technical and Extension Series CMFRI 195 6-10 Available at -
  • Shameem, A and Dutt, S (1986) Fishes of the family carangidae from Visakhaptnam: List if species and new records from the Indian seas Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 28(1&2) 159-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-18

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