Calidris pygmeus   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Staffan Widstrand /

Size: 14-17 cm.

Voice: Soft rolling preep.

Habits: Very rare individuals in mixed flocks with Stints and other waders. Runs and feeds on tidal mudflats.

Sexes alike, a small stint-like wader (in all plumages) with black bill, legs and feet. The spatulate tip to bill, though difficult to see when viewed sideways on, is the best identification. Non-breeding (winter): Plumage similar to Little Stint, but with paler grey upperparts (with darker shaft-streaks), pronounced white supercilium, forehead and cheek, and cleaner and whiter underparts. Breeding (summer): Like rufous-necked stint but with more rufous-orange face and breast, blakish upperparts, fringed with rufous and whitish remaining underparts.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Spoonbill Sandpiper (English)
• Spoon-billed Sandpiper (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Industrial impacts on habitat quality, fishing, hunting and disturbance.)

Habitat:  Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Insects
IUCN Status:  Critically Endangered


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Arkive: Images of life on earth Available at -
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at -
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at -
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-07-27

Back to Search