Prionospio polybranchiata   Fauvel,  1929 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Spionida
Family:Spionidae

Description
Size: 11-15 mm long. by 2mm.

Color: White.

Body slender. Anterior region flattened, enlarged, tapering forwards, posterior region cylindrical. Prostomium elongate, anterior border rounded. No eyes present. Two long palps reaching backwards to the 25th-30th segment. Gills appear on the second setigerous segment, the first five pairs filiform and the rest foliaceous, subtriangular, elongate. Anteriorly, both dorsal and ventral setae are capillary.


Synonym (s)
Prionospio polybranchiata Fauvel, 1929
Prionospio polybranchiata Fauvel, 1930
Prionospio polybranchiata Fauvel, 1953

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA
• INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Bay INDIA
• Southwest Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1974-03/1976)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Maharashtra, Dabhol INDIA (Record: 12/1994, 12/1996)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Harbour-Thane creek system INDIA (Record: 1985-1986)
• Maharashtra, Bassein creek-coastal system INDIA (Record: 1985-1986)
• Goa, Candolim beach INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1981)
• North West Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Kasargod INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Kerala, Kannur INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Kerala, Ponnani INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Ennore INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Pondicherry, Karaikal INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Nagapattinam INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Port INDIA (Record: 11/1996-12/1996)
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Murugesan, P and Khan, SA (1998) Polychaetes of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University, Parangipettai 110 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Vijayakumar, R; Ansari, ZA and Parulekar, AH (1991) Benthic fauna of Kakinada bay and backwaters, east coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 20 195-199 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/3190/2/Indian_J_Mar_Sci_20_195.pdf
  • Jayaraj, KA; Sheeba, P; Jacob, J; Revichandran, C; Arun, PK; Praseeda, KS; Nisha, PA and Rasheed, KA (2007) Response of infaunal macrobenthos to the sediment granulometry in a tropical continental margin-southwest coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 77(4) 743-754 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2007.11.016
  • Pillai, NGK (2001) On some benthic polychaetes from Cochin Estuary Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 120-135 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ingole, BS; Rodrigues, N and Ansari, ZA (2002) Macrobenthic communities of the coastal waters of Dabhol, west coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR, CSIR 31 93-99 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/407
  • Mathew, A and Govindan, K (1995) Macrobenthos in the nearshore coastal system of Bombay Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India (B: Biological Sciences) National Academy of Sciences, India 65 (IV) 411-430 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/2286
  • Ingole, B., Sivadas, S., Goltekar, R., Clemente, S., Nanajkar, M., Sawant, R., D’Silva, C., Sarkar, A and Ansari, Z (2006) Ecotoxicological effect of grounded MV River Princess on the intertidal benthic organisms off Goa Environment International Elsevier 32 284 – 291 Available at - Goa, India
  • Ansari, ZA., Ingole, BS and Furtado, R. (2003) Response of benthic fauna to different pollutants: Some case studies and relevance of benthos to environmental impact assessment Recent advances in environmental science Discovery Publishing House; New Delhi (India) 422-428 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sarala Devi, K., Jayalakshmi, KV and Venugopal, P. (1991) Communities and coexistance of benthose in northern limb of Cochin backwaters Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 20 249-254 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jayaraj, KA; Josia, J and Kumar, PKD (2008) Infaunal Macrobenthic Community of Soft Bottom Sediment in a Tropical Shelf Journal of Coastal Research CERF 24(3) 708–718 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints08/J_Coast_Res_24_708.pdf
  • Devi, KS; Sheba, P; Balasubramanian, T; Venugopal, P and Sankaranarayanan, VN (1996) Benthic fauna of southwest and southeast coasts of India The Fourth Indian Fisheries Forum Proceedings, Kochi, Kerala Asian Fisheries Society, Indian Branch, Mangalore 9-12 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1839/2/Fourth_Indian_Fish_Forum_Proc_1999_9.pdf
  • Sukumaran, S and Devi, KS (2009) Polychaete diversity and its relevance in the rapid environmental assessment of Mumbai Port Current Science Current Science Association in collaboration with the Indian Academy of Sciences 97(10) 1439-1444 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/3456/1/Curr_Sci_97_1439.pdf
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Ramamoorthi, K and Balasubrahmanyan, K (1987) Polychaetes of Porto Novo waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 29(1&2) 134-139 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Martin, GD; Nisha, PA; Balachandran, KK; Madhu, NV; Nair, M; Shaiju, P; Joseph, T; Srinivas, K; and Gupta, GVM (2011) Eutrophication induced changes in benthic community structure of a flow-restricted tropical estuary (Cochin backwaters), India Environ Monit Assess Springer Science 176 427–438 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1594-1

Page last updated on:2011-04-26

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