Polydora ciliata   (Johnston,  1838) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Spionida
Family:Spionidae

Image copyrights: Keith Hiscock

Description
Size: Length: 3 cm;Width: 0.7-1 cm

Color: Yellowish-brown

A sedentary, burrowing polychaete body has up to 180 segments but is not divided into distinct regions. Polydora ciliata has two very long, slender ciliated palps which protrude, waving vigorously and usually roll up spirally when the animal is disturbed. The tip of the posterior region is saucer shaped.


Synonym (s)
Diplotis hyalina Montagu, 1815
(subjective synonym)
Leucodore audax Quatrefages, 1866
(subjective synonym)
Leucodore ciliatus Johnston, 1838
(objective synonym)
Leucodore ciliatus minuta Grube, 1855
(subjective synonym)
Leucodore dubius Quatrefages, 1866
(subjective synonym)
Leucodore fabricii Quatrefages, 1866
(subjective synonym)
Leucodore nasutus Quatrefages, 1866
(subjective synonym)
Polydora agassizii Clapar├Ęde, 1869
(subjective synonym)
Polydora audax Quatrefages, 1866
(subjective synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Bristleworm (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA
• Red Sea
• INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• West Bengal, Medinipur, Sankarpur INDIA (Record: 07/2000-06/2002)
• Maharashtra, Mahim Creek (Lat: 19.03) (Long: 72.82) INDIA (Record: 11/1979-12/1980)
• Kerala, Kadinamkulam Backwater (Lat: 8.58) (Long: 76.73) INDIA (Record: 02/1980-01/1981) (Depth: 2.11 mts)
• Kerala, Kadinamkulam Backwater (Lat: 8.66) (Long: 76.85) INDIA (Record: 02/1980-01/1981) (Depth: 2.11 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Southwest Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Ashtamudi Estuary INDIA (Record: 02/1974-01/1975) (Depth: 2.44 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Arukkattuthurai (Lat: 10.39) (Long: 79.86) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.32) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Manalmelkudi (Lat: 10.42) (Long: 79.31) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam (Lat: 9.95) (Long: 79.18) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cooum Estuary (Lat: 13.16) (Long: 80.26) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Murugesan, P and Khan, SA (1998) Polychaetes of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University, Parangipettai 110 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • MarLIN: Marine life information network Biology and sensitivity key information sub-programme [on-line] Available at - http://www.marlin.ac.uk/
  • Chandra, A and Chakraborty, SK (2008) Distribution, density and community ecology of macrobenthic intertidal polychaetes in the coastal tract of Midnapore, West Bengal, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 7-16 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varshney, PK and Govindan, K (1995) Macrobenthos off Mahim (Bombay), west coast of India in relation to coastal pollution and aquaculture Journal of Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 25 47-56 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/395
  • Nair, NB; Dharmaraj, K; Azis, PKA; Arunachalam, M and Kumar, KK (1984) A Study on the Ecology of Soft Bottom Benthic Fauna in. Kadinamkulam Backwater, Southwest Coast of India Indian National Science Academy Indian National Science Academ 473-482 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Magdoom, KB; Kalaiselvam, M and Balasubramanian, T (2010) Status on Seasonal Distribution of Macrobenthos from the Gulf of Mannar (South East Coast) of India Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences Maxwell Scientific Organization 2(1) 53-58 Available at - http://maxwellsci.com/print/crjbs/v2-53-58.pdf
  • Santhakumari, V (1973) A brief account of the commensals, associates and predators of the marine wood boring animals Mahasagar NIO, Goa 6(3&4) 178-181 Available at - http://ijs.nio.org/index.php/msagar/article/view/1293
  • Nair, NB; Azis, PKA; Arunachalam, M; Dharmaraj, K and Krishnakumar, K (1984) Ecology of Indian estuaries: Ecology and distribution of benthic macrofauna in the Ashtamudi estuary, Kerala Mahasagar-Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography National Institute of Oceanography 17(2) 89-101 Available at - http://ijs.nio.org/index.php/msagar/article/view/1772/1750
  • Varadharajan, D; Soundarapandian, P; Gunalan, B and Babu, R (2010) Seasonal abundance of macro benthic composition and diversity along the south east coast of India European Journal of Applied Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (1) 1-5 Available at - www.idosi.org/ejas/2(1)10/1.pdf
  • Raj, PJS (2006) Macro fauna of Pulicat lake NBA bulletin No.6 NBA Available at - http://www.nbaindia.org/docs/bulletin6-pulicatlake.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Jayaprada, C (2002) Composition and distribution of epigrowth fauna in Visakhapatnam harbour, east coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 31(4) 310-314 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/4355/1/IJMS%2031%284%29%20310-314.pdf
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Ramamoorthi, K and Balasubrahmanyan, K (1987) Polychaetes of Porto Novo waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 29(1&2) 134-139 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Panikkar, NK and Aiyar, RG (1937) The brackish water fauna of Madras Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section B Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India 6(5) 284-337 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-07

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