Actitis hypoleucos   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Scolopacidae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
Size: 19-21 cm; Length: 19 cm, approximately 8 grams at hatching and their mass increases to about 40 grams when able to fly , 20 cm long with bills measuring 21 mm in length, adult wingspan reaches 35 cm.
This species displays no sexual dimorphism in plumage, but females tend to be a little larger than males.

Color: Above and on sides of neck and chest uniform dark brown; below white extending around bend of wing; white superciliary stripe; conspicuous white wingbar in spread wing, breeding bird has noticeable streaking above and on neck and breast. Immature like adult. Bare parts: iris brown; bill variable from grey or olive-grey to dark brown with ochre or pinkish base; feet and legs variable from greenish grey to yellowish olive.

Voice: Alarming note tee-tee-tee.

Habits: Generally solitary or in twos or threes in non-breeding season, runs along water edge and picks up tidbits from ground or vegetation, regularly wags its tail and bobs the head constantly while feeding.

Sexes alike. Non-breeding (winter): Oliver-brown above and white below with more ash-brown on head and sides of neck, supercilia pale and indistinct, rump and tail brown with only the outer tail-feathers white, breast lightly brown-streaked, a prominent small white patch- dividing band of wing from side of breast. Breeding (summer): Darker above and speckled, foreneck and breast boldly brown-streaked. In flight distinguished by white wing-bar and brown rump.

Breeding season: Breeding typically occurs during May and June. Nest- The nest is a shallow depression, sometimes amongst shrubs and trees.

Lifespan/Longevity: The average common sandpiper is able to live approximately 8 years in the wild.

Synonym (s)
Tringa hypoleucos (Turbott, 1990)

Common Name (s)
• Common Sandpiper (English)
• Neerkata (Malayalam)
• Polte ulanka/ulanki (Telugu)
• Choothatti ullan (Tamil)
• Tutwar, Tutari (Marathi)
• Samanya tutvari, Thuthvari, Nani thuthvari (Gujrati)
• Jalrank (Hindi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Ecosystem balance
(Actitis hypoleucos is one of three species within the family Scolopacidae that does not display a resistance to blood parasites. As a consequence, they tend to be carriers of blood parasites such as Haemoproteus contortus. Common sandpipers are also carriers of various other common avian parasites. They also play an important roles as predator and prey within their ecosystem)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Rocky, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Carnivorous - small molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic insects.
Predator:  Known Predators estuarine crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus) foxes (Vulpes species) weasels (Mustela species) gulls (Laridae family) skuas (Stercorariidae family)
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• BANGLADESH
• SRI LANKA
• MALDIVES
• Goa, Chorao INDIA (Record: 08/12/1996, 12/01/1999)
• Goa, Keri beach INDIA (Record: 25/11/1999)
• Goa, Mandrem beach INDIA (Record: 10/02/2000)
• Mangalore, Nethravathi INDIA
• Mangalore, Pavoor INDIA
• Mangalore, Someshwar INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi estuary INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Kerela, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA
• Goa, Carambolim INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Point Calimere (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Haryana, Kurukshetra INDIA
• Karnataka, Anekere wetland INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Bet Dwarka INDIA
• Gujarat, Mahi River estuary INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muthupet Mangroves (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Satara district INDIA
• Andaman & Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Sundarban INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2013-02-05

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