Metapenaeus dobsoni   (Miers,  1878) (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Maximum total length: Male 118 mm; female 130 mm.

Color: Reddish brown spots scattered on semi-transparent body; rostrum, carapace and pleural edges deep brown; antennules and antennae dotted red; double rows of reddish spots on telson.

Body tomentose in patches; rostrum double curved with 8-9 dorsal teeth and no ventral teeth and extending a little beyond the tip of the antennular peduncle; spine on basis of third pair of walking legs in male long; no exopod on the fifth pair of walking legs; petasma is quite symmetrical with two long segments interlocked forming a compressed tube with paired spouts distally; thelycum with concave median tongue and in impregnated female with two conjointed triangular pads; coxa on fifth walking leg of either side articulating with a stump in mature females. The free filament of the distomedian projections of petasma on the dorsal aspect are well in adults. Impregnated females have conjoint white pads on the thelycum. All the legs are ciliated and the chelae weak. Strong spines present on the basis of all 3 pairs of chelipeds.

Spawning appears to take place at the sea bed and the eggs float at different depth levels. Breeding appears to take place almost round the year. Each individual prawn appears to breed five times during its span of life.

The eggs measure about 0.40 mm. They hatch out as nauplii. The life history involves 3 nauplius stages, 3 protozoea stages, 3 mysis stages and 13 post-larval stages, passed in succession. The post-larvae enter the backwaters and estuaries in enormous numbers. After a period of stay in the estuarine environment the juveniles return back to the sea. They are known to stay but not beyond 80 mm length is attained in the brackish waters. Sexual maturity is attained only in the sea.


Synonym (s)
Mangalura dobsoni (Miers, 1878)
(Senior synonym)
Penaeopsis dobsoni (Miers, 1878)
(Senior synonym)
Penaeus dobsoni Miers, 1878
(Senior synonym)
Metapeneus dobsoni Alcock, 1906
Penaeopsis dobsoni Kemp, 1915
Metapenaeus dobsoni Racek and Dall, 1965
Metapenaeus dobsoni George, 1969
Mangalura dobsoni Miers, 1878
Penaeopsis dobsoni De Man, 1911
Metapenaeus dobsoni choprai Nataraj, 1942
Melapenaeus dobsoni Nobili, 1903

Common Name (s)
• Chingri (Hindi)
• Kadal Chemmeen (Hindi)
• Poovalan Chemmeen (Hindi)
• Thelly Chemmeen (Hindi)
• Kadal shrimp (English)
• Poovaalan
• Era
• Flower-tail Prawn
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh and canned. )

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Diatoms, minute algal and other vegetable matter, copepods, foraminiferans and parts of crustaceans along with detritus
Predator:  Johnius dussumieri

Biogeography


• East Coast INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi and Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Orissa, Satpara INDIA (Record: 05/12/1985, 27/06/1986, 26/09/1987)
• Orissa, Rambha INDIA (Record: 15/06/1986, 04/09/1987)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Karnataka, Kali Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Canning, Dabu INDIA (Record: 11/10/1988)
• Kerala, Alappuzha INDIA
• Kerala, Kollam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove INDIA (Record: 04/1980-03/1982)
• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary, Mankule INDIA (Record: 06/1989)
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Off Mumbai INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Kol INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chidiya Tapu INDIA (Record: 01/03/1978)
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Wright Myo INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chaouldari INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Diglipur INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Marine Bay INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1969)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 16) (Long: 62) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1991-23/09/1991) (Depth: 200-500 mts)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 23) (Long: 73) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1991-23/09/1991) (Depth: 200-500 mts)
• Maharashtra, Devgarh INDIA
• Maharashtra, Vengurla INDIA
• Maharashtra, Vijaydurg INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Arukkattuthurai (Lat: 10.39) (Long: 79.86) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.32) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Manalmelkudi (Lat: 10.42) (Long: 79.31) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 07/2005-06/2006)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Tennyson creek INDIA (Record: 10/02/1978 -18/02/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Diglipur, Lakshmipuranalla INDIA (Record: 17/02/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Havelock INDIA (Record: 24/02/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Sippighat INDIA (Record: 10/03/1978 - 18/04/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Junglighat INDIA (Record: 18/04/1978)
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• Orissa, Barakul Panthanivas INDIA (Record: 18/06/1986)
• Orissa, Parahara INDIA (Record: 12/12/1985)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• South West Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• South East Coast INDIA
• North East Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada (Lat: 16.93) (Long: 82.22) INDIA

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