Atherinomorus lacunosus   (Forster,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Color: Silvery with back blue-green. An iridescent bluish mid-lateral stripe is present along the sides of the body. The fins are clear to dusky with the tips of the caudal fin blackish

The body is subcylindrical and laterally compressed with the head distinctly broad and bearing large eyes. Mouth is wide and bears several rows of small villiform teeth in both jaws. Body is covered with moderately large cycloid scales. The mid-lateral scales are arranged in 41 to 50 series. The fins include two dorsal fins that are widely separated and set well back on the body. The first dorsal fin has 4-7 slender spines and the second one has 1 spine and 8-11 soft rays. The anal fin has 1 spine and 12-17 rays. The pectoral fins are short and located high on the body. The caudal fin is forked. Gill rakers are long and slender counting nearly 20 on lower arm of first arch.

Synonym (s)
Allanetta bleekeri (non Gunther, 1861)
(Misapplied name)
Atherina affinis Bennett, 1832
(Junior synonym)
Atherina forskali Ruppell, 1838
(Junior synonym)
Atherina forskalii Ruppell, 1838
(Junior synonym)
Atherina lacunosa Forster, 1801
(Senior synonym)
Atherina morrisi Jordan & Starks, 1906
(Junior synonym)
Atherina pectoralis Valenciennes, 1835
(Junior synonym)
Atherina pinguis Lacepede, 1803
(Junior synonym)
Atherina punctata Bennett, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Atherina vaigiensis (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
(Misapplied name)
Atherinomorus capricornensis (non Woodland, 1961)
(Misapplied name)
Atherinomorus lacunosa (Forster, 1801)
(Senior synonym)
Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster, 1801)
(Senior synonym)
Atherinomorus ogilbyi (non Whitley, 1930)
(Misapplied name)
Atherion morrisi (Jordan & Starks, 1906)
(Junior synonym)
Hepsetia morrisi (Jordan & Starks, 1906)
(Junior synonym)
Hepsetia pinguis (Lacepede, 1803)
(Junior synonym)
Pranesus forskalii (Ruppell, 1838)
(Junior synonym)
Pranesus lacunosus (Forster, 1801)
(Senior synonym)
Pranesus maculatus Taylor, 1964
(Junior synonym)
Pranesus morrisi (Jordan & Starks, 1906)
(Junior synonym)
Pranesus pinguis (Lacepede, 1803)
(Junior synonym)
Pranesus pinguis rüppelli Smith, 1965
(Junior synonym)
Allanetta forskali (Ruppell, 1838)
Atherina forskalli Ruppell, 1838
Atherina puntata Bennett, 1833

Common Name (s)
• Hardyhead Silverside (English)
• Broad Banded Silverside (English)
• Fitham (Mahl)
• Thalayil Kallan (Malayalam)
• Tholiyan (Malayalam)
• Mottechi (Tamil)
• Motti Kola Kende (Tamil)
• Robust Silverside (English)
• Silverside Hardyhead
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, used as a bait)

Habitat:  Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal
Prey:  Zooplankton (planktonic eggs, copepods)
Predator:  Hydroprogne tschegrava (Shorebird)


• West Coast INDIA
• Gulf of Oman
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Andaman Sea
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-14

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