Tringa guttifer   (Nordmann,  1835) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Scolopacidae

Image copyrights:pbase

Description
Size: 29-32 cm.

Voice: Shrill piping tiwee-tiwee.

Habits: Generally solitary or in very small flocks of 3-5 birds in the company of Red-shanks. Wary and usually silent, often wades up to belly, feeds in shallow water.

Sexes alike. Like Common Greenshank but with yellow legs. Non-breeding (winter): Head and neck washed grey with fine streaks, scapulars grey, notched with triangular white spots, remaining upperparts ashy-brown, primaries black, tail ashy-white, underparts white. Breeding: (summer): Upperparts blackish-brown with a few white spots on scapulars, scattered dark spots on foreneck and breast, remaining underparts pure white.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Spotted Greenshank (English)
• Nordmann's Greenshank (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Degradation of coastal wetlands throughout Asia for industry, infrastructure, aquaculture and pollution.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Carnivorous, generally molluscs, crustaceans, insects and tadepoles.
IUCN Status:  Endangered

Biogeography


• INDIA
• BANGLADESH
• SRI LANKA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Haryana, Kurukshetra INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Point Calimere (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Gupta RC, Kaushik TK and Gupta PK (2012) WINTER MIGRATORY WETLAND BIRDS IN HARYANA ARE CONFRONTING ADVERSE CONDITIONS IN RURAL PONDS Resulting in reduction in arrival number: A case study of village Amin in Thanesar block in Kurukshetra district Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences 2 (1) 7pp Available at - http://www.cibtech.org/J%20LIFE%20SCIENCES/PUBLICATIONS/2012/Vol%202%20No%201/1-002%20Gupta-Migratory.pdf
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2007/October/2839-2847.pdf
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at - http://envis-eptri.ap.nic.in/images/Vol.10,%20No.4,%202004.pdf
  • Nayak, A.K. (2006) Status of migratory shorebirds at Bhitarkanika and Chilika wetlands on the east coast of India Waterbirds around the world. Eds. G.C. Boere, C.A. Galbraith & D.A. Stroud The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, UK 305-307pp Available at - http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/PDF/pub07_waterbirds_part3.5.16.pdf
  • Balachandran, S (2006) The decline in wader populations along the east coast of India with special reference to Point Calimere, south-east India. Waterbirds around the world. Eds. G.C. Boere, C.A. Galbraith & D.A. Stroud The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, UK. 296-301pp Available at - http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/pdf/pub07_waterbirds_part3.5.13.pdf

Page last updated on:2013-02-05

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