Spongilla alba   Carter  1849 (Sponge)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Porifera
Class: Demospongiae
Order:Haplosclerida
Family:Spongillidae

Description
Color: Whitish in live form

Sponge forming massive growth and branching of moderate thickness, surface smooth with irregular projections, oscula moderate size; dermal membrane closely adherent to symplasm, consistency hard but brittle
Maegascleres- feebly curved, slender to stout and fusiform, smooth amphioxea; length range 0.195-0.285 mm, width range 0.010-0.015 mm
Microscleres- numerous in dermal membrane; slightly curved, slender, amphioxea with erect spines more in number and longer in central region; length range 0.055-0.075 mm, width range 0.001-0.003 mm
Gemmoscleres- feebly curved, slender, cylindrical amphistrongyla, with large recurved spines more numerous at the tip regions; length range 0.085-0.110 mm, width range 0.005-0.008 mm.
Gemmules- abundant, scattered throughout the body; large spherical; pneumatic layer moderately thick granular, gemmoscleres projecting beyond outer surface of this layer ; foramen cup shaped; diameter range 0.30-0.60 mm.


Synonym (s)
Spongilla alba Carter 1849
Spongilla nana Annandale 1915
Spongilla alba Penney and Racek 1968

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Kerala, Vazhakala (Lat: 10.03) (Long: 76.28) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 12/6/1986)
• Orissa, Nalabana Island INDIA (Record: 17/12/1985)
• Orissa, Satpara INDIA (Record: 6/12/1985)
• Orissa, Off Nuapara INDIA (Record: 8/12/1985)
• Orissa, Barunakuda INDIA (Record: 29/06/1986)
• Orissa, Nuapara Island INDIA (Record: 29/06/1986)
• Orissa, Mirjapur INDIA (Record: 27/06/1986)
• Orissa, Alupatna INDIA (Record: 27/06/1986)
• Orissa, Panchkudi point INDIA (Record: 16/12/1985)
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Kerala INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Maharashtra INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Orissa INDIA (Record: 1995)
• West Bengal INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Orissa, Gurubhai point INDIA (Record: 29/06/1986)
• Orissa, Pariakuda Island INDIA (Record: 16/12/1985)

Literature Source(s)
  • Pattanayak, JG (1995) Porifera Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilka lake ZSI, Calcutta 211-226 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org

Page last updated on:2009-04-30

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