Gallirallus striatus   (Linnaeus,  1766) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Gruiformes
Family:Rallidae

Image copyrights: Rohan

Description
Size: 27 cm.

Voice: Generally silent.

Habits: Usually solitary or in pairs, more common and frequent than known, skulkers, flight that of a typical rail, slow and laboured flapping, with the legs dangling behind. Occasionally, can swim and dive. Breeds from mid-June to September, all over its range, nests usually placed on the edge of marshes.

Male: Crown to hind neck chestnut, upper parts dark brown with narrow white bars broken into spots on lower back and primaries, chin and throat white, sides of head, foreneck and breast ashy-blue, abdomen, flanks and under tail-coverts dark brown with conspicuous white bars, bill and eyes red, legs oliver-grey. Female: Duller above and whitish on belly. Juvenile: Crown and neck rufous-brown streaked with dark brown, feathers of back streaked with dark brown, the white bars and spots absent.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Blue-breasted Rail (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Omnivorous, marsh plant shoots, seeds, molluscs, crustaceans, worms and insects.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• BANGLADESH
• SRI LANKA
• Goa, Baga INDIA (Record: 21/02/1986)
• Goa, Navelim INDIA (Record: 20/08/2000)
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Birds of India Available at - http://www.kolkatabirds.com/
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Nameer, PO (2005) Wetlands and waterfowl conservation in kerala with special reference to Ramsar sites kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 97-112 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-01-04

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