Xancus pyrum   (C. Linnaeus,  1758) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Neogastropoda
Family:Vasidae

Description
Size: Mean height: 48 mm. Mean width: 39 mm.

The aperture is wide prolonged anteriorly into a long deep cone. The columella bears 3 or sometimes 4 strong ridges. The shell is covered by a dark brownish horny periostracum which covers the porcellaneous shell beneath. The whorls have slightly angular shoulders; the one on the body whorl is distinct. The shoulder ridges bear a series of small compressed tubercles.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Sacred Chank
Economic Importance and Threats
(Ornamental molluscs)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.01) (Long: 74.33) INDIA (Record: 08/05/2006) (Depth: 12 mts)
• Kerala, Trivandrum INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Devipatnam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vaan Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Hare Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Koswari Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA
• INDIA
• Kerala, Neendakara INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi, Sakthikulangara INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rajagopal, S; Khan, SA; Srinivasan, M and Shanmugam, A (1998) Gastropods of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University 38 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Pillai, CSG; Appukuttan, KK and Kaladharan, P (1999) Occurrence of submerged Pleistocene stony corals and marine molluscs at Vazhakala near Cochin and their significance on sea level changes Indian Journal of Marine Sciences CSIR, New Delhi 28 96-98 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Kurian, CV (1953) A preliminary survey of the bottom fauna and bottom deposits of the Travancore coast within the 15-fathom line Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India 19 746–775 Available at - http://www.new.dli.ernet.in/rawdataupload/upload/insa/INSA_1/20005b8b_747.pdf
  • Zacharia, PU; Krishnakumar, PK; Dineshbabu, AP; Vijayakumaran, K; Rohit, P; Thomas, S; Sasikumar, G; Kaladharan, P; Durgekar, RN and Mohamed, KS (2008) Species assemblage in the coral reef ecosystem of Netrani Island off Karnataka along the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 87-97 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Rao, DVS; Rao, KS; Iyer, CSP and Chittibabu, P (2008) Possible ecological consequences from the Sethu Samudram Canal Project, India Marine Pollution Bulletin Elsevier 56(2) 170-186 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2007.10.018
  • Mohanraj, J; Johnson, JA; Ranjan, R; Johnson, L; Pandi, U and Shunmugaraj, T (2010) Coral reef associated gastropods in Tuticorin coast of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve, India Indian Journal of Science and Technology Indian Society for Education and Environment 3(2) 204-206 Available at - http://indjst.org/archive/vol.3.issue.2/feb10johnson-23.pdf
  • Ramesh, S; Samipillai, SS and Elangomathavan, R (2009) Environmental sciences habitat diversity of hermit crab Clibanarius longitarsus (de haan) in Vellar estuary, south east coast of India Recent Research in Science and Technology 1(4) 161–168 Available at - http://recent-science.com/article/viewFile/1022/763
  • Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Available at - http://data.gbif.org/species/
  • Rao, KS (1974) Other commercial molluscs The commercial molluscs of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 25 141-151 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/654/1/ksrao2.pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Jones, S (1969) The molluscan fishery resources of India Proceedings of the Symposium on Mollusca CMFRI 906-918 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2371/1/Article_26.pdf
  • Philip, MB and Appukuttan, KK (1995) A checklist of gastropods landed at Sakthikulangara-Neendakara area CMFRI 138 9-10 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-16

Back to Search