Clangula hyemalis   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Annette Cutts

Size: 36-47 cm.

Voice: Silent.

Habits: Feeds by diving, remains under water for many seconds, while flying swings from side to side.

Male: Chiefly a dark chocolate-brown and white duck with small head, short bill, and long pointed tail. head, neck, upper breast, scapulars, flanks, and vent pure white, a patch on either side of neck behind ear-coverts, a broad band along spine on back, pointed central tail, and a collar descending from upper back widening below in to a broad pectoral band covering upper abdomen dark brown. in summer, head, neck and upper breast blackish-brown and back scalloped chestnut-bi=uff. Female: In winter, dark brown entirely on back, scalloped fulvous, white head with dusky crown and dusky patches on either side of upper neck, brownish lower foreneck and upper breast, forming a diffuse pectoral band, remaining underparts white, in summer, upperparts duller than in winter, the scalloping less conspicuous.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Long-tailed Duck (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Open Sea, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Carnivorous on molluscs and crustaceans.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern



Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Birds of India Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-09-13

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