Phalium (Phalium) areola   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Littorinimorpha
Family:Cassidae

Description
Size: Height 38.30 mm, length 71.00 mm, width 46.20 mm.

Shell moderately large, solid heavy. The species is easily distinguishable by its spiral rows of large squarish marks of chest-nut brown or yellowish-tan on the body whorl with 2-5 former varices in the spire; post-nuclear whorls with 5-7 spiral rows of beads which is absent in the body whorl; body whorl angularly shouldered with weak axial ridges and with some spiral grooves at the base. Aperture elongate; parietal shield moderately developed with oblique plications at the upper end; columella with a series of plications; outer lip strongly reflected with raised teeth on the inner edge. Umbilicus almost scaled by a former varix; false umbilicus sealed or minutely open; anterior canal deep, deflected to left.


Synonym (s)
Buccinum areola Linnaeus, 1758
Cassia alea Roeding, 1798
Cassia areola Lamarck, 1844
Phallum (Phalium) areola Abbott, 1968
Phalium areola Cernohorsky, 1972
Phallum (Phalium) areola Mookherjee, 1985

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Tondiarpet INDIA (Record: 25/01/1975)
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA (Record: 1985, 1991)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 1985, 1991)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Record: 1985, 1991)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA (Record: 1985, 1991)
• MOZAMBIQUE
• KENYA
• MADAGASCAR
• MAURITIUS
• SEYCHELLES
• SRI LANKA
• MYANMAR
• Maungmagan MYANMAR
• THAILAND
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Chandipur INDIA (Record: 31/01/1972)
• Orissa, Gopalpur INDIA (Record: 30/03/1973)
• Orissa, Chhatrapur INDIA (Record: 24/11/1962)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Mookherjee, HP (1985) Contributions to the Molluscan fauna of India, Part III. Marine molluscs of the Coromandel coast, Palk Bay and Gulf of Mannar - Gastropoda: Mesogastropoda (Part-2) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no. 75 ZSI, Calcutta 93 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Manna, RN (1995) Mollusca Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilka lake ZSI, Calcutta 391-468 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune

Page last updated on:2012-07-10

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