Leptoptilos javanicus   (Horsfield,  1821) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: David Behrens

Size: 110-120 cm.

Habits: Generally solitary, less scavenger than Adjutant Stork, feeds while walking slowly in shallow puddles, breeds from July to January in small colonies, nest 15-30 m up in trees.

Voice: Silent.

Adult: Sexes alike. Head and neck reddish-yellow, nearly naked, with sparse hair-like feathers, gular pouch absent, upper plumage, including wings and tail, black with green sheen, closely barred and with a copper spot on the larger secondary coverts near their tip, under-plumage white. In non-breeding plumage, the copper spots absent. Juvenile: Head and neck better feathered, upper plumage less glossy.

Breeding season: November to January. nest- a huge stick platform c. 120 to 150 cm. in diameter and 30 to 120 cm. deep depending upon for hoe long annually renovated. Eggs, indistinguishable from those of the larger Adjutant even in size.

Synonym (s)
Ciconia javanica (Horsfield, 1821)

Common Name (s)
• Lesser Adjutant-Stork (English)
• Lesser Adjutant (English)
• Haircrested Adjutant (English)
• Chinjara, Chandana, Chandiari, Bang gor, Chota garud, (Hindi)
• Madanchur, Madantak (Bengali)
• Nano jamadar (Gujarati)
• Meva kokku (Tamil)
• Dodal konga, Dodal gatti gadu (Telugu)
• Chinna begguru konga (Telugu)
• Vayalnaiicken (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
(Although broadly distributed from India to indonesia, the Lesser Adjutant is becoming locally scarce, rare or extinct because of habitat loss, hunting, disturbance of colonies and lack of nesting site.)

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Fish, reptiles, frogs, crustaceans and aquatic invertebrates (crustaceans).
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable


• Goa INDIA (Record: 19/08/1988)
• Goa, Divar Island INDIA
• Goa, Carambolim INDIA
• Goa, Cumbarjua canal INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi estuary INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Birding in India and South Asia Available at - http://www.birding.in/
  • Borges, SD and Shanbhag, AB (2008) Food resource partitioning among waterbirds wintering on the Diwar wetland in the Mandove estuary of Goa, India Proceedings of Taal2007:The 12th World Lake conference 124-130 Available at - http://wldb.ilec.or.jp/data/ilec/wlc12/A%20-%20Ecology%20&%20Biodiversity/A-21.pdf
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1968) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 1 1-368pp Available at - NIO
  • Shanbag A.B, Walia R and Borges S.D (2001) Impact of Konkan railway project on the avifauna of Carambolim lake in Goa Zoos' print journal 16(6) 503-508 Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2001/June/503-508.pdf
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2007/October/2839-2847.pdf
  • Urfi AJ (2003) The birds of Okhla barrage bird sanctuary, Delhi, India Forktail 19 39-50pp Available at - http://www.orientalbirdclub.org/publications/forktail/19pdfs/Urfi-Okhla.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-08-07

Back to Search