Harpiosquilla raphidea   (Fabricius,  1798) (Mantis Shrimp)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Stomatopoda
Family:Squillidae

Anterior portion of carapace

Description
Size: Total length 90-235 mm

Color: The color pattern is not well marked in any of the specimens examined. Posterior three thoracic and first five abdominal somites each with dark posterior line; fifth thoracic somite with dark anterior line. Telson with proximal pair of dark spots. Uropodal exopod with dark spot, primarily on inner surface, on distal third of proximal segment; some dark pigment on inner proximal segment; some dark pigment on inner proximal third of distal segment of uropod exopod, but inner half of distal segment not completely dark.

Rostral plate longer than broad, with a slender apical projection. Raptorial dactylus with 8 teeth, outer margin with sharp angular projection in adult males. 5th thoracic somite with a sharp lateral spine. Ventral keel on 8th Thoracic somites rounded. Abdominal carinae spined as follows: submedian 6, intermediate 1-5, lateral 1-6, marginal 1-5. Telson with a broad median carina and 3 pairs of marginal teeth.


Synonym (s)
Harpiosquilla raphidea Manning, 1969
Squilla raphidea Fabricius, 1798
Squilla raphidea Kemp, 1913
Harpiosquilla raphidea Shanbhogue, 1975
Alimaerichthus pyramidalis Lanchester, 1903
Squilla africana Balss, 1910
Squilla major Lamarck, 1818

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA
• INDIA
• West Bengal, Ganga Sagar INDIA (Record: 23/12/1978)
• West Bengal, Bakkhali INDIA (Record: 21/12/1978)
• West Bengal, Fraserganj INDIA (Record: 09/12/1965)
• Orissa INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Lyla, PS; Chandrashekaran, VS and Khan, SA (1997) Stomatopods of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University, Parangipettai Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Ghosh, HC (1995) Stomatopoda: Crustacea Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 179-189 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-31

Back to Search