Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus   (Latham,  1790) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Ciconiiformes
Family:Ciconiidae

Image copyrights: David Behrens

Description
Size: 129-150 cm.

Voice: Silent.

Habits: Invariably solitary or in well-separated pairs or with family after breeding season, wary, wade in shallow water, squat on dry ground at the edge. Breeds from September to December, and rarely in January, solitary nest on large trees in large marshes, also frequents habitation and canals in agricultural areas with low or no persecution by humans (Sundar 2003).

Adult: Sexes alike except for color of iris, brown in male and yellow in female. A black and white stork with black neck and bill and coral red legs, black head and neck with varying sheen, copper-bronze on occiput and nape, and purple-green-blue on rest, back, scapulars, innermost secondaries and median wing-coverts black with green sheen, remaining plumage white. Juvenile: A dull replica of adult.

Breeding: Season, overall September to December varying locally with the early or late cessation of the rains. Nest- an enormous platform of sticks, often thorny, 1 to 2 meters in diameter, with the central portion lined with straw, leaves, bits of rag, etc. Eggs- 3 to4, rarely 5, typical broad blunt smooth-textured ovals, white in color with the inner membrane dull green.

Synonym (s)
Mycteria asiatica (Latham, 1790)

Common Name (s)
• Black-necked Stork (English)
• Blacknecked Stork (English)
• Banaras, Loharjang, Loha sarang (Hindi)
• Pedda nalla konga (Telugu)
• Periya naarai (Tamil)
• Kalya manecha karkocha (Marathi)
• Banaras, Moto dhonk (Gujrati)
• Lohar jangh, Loha jangha (Bengali)
• Telia hareng
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Drainage of wetlands, felling of nest trees, development, encroachment of agriculture or aquaculture, over-fishing, overgrazing, hunting and excessive capture for zoos.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Muddy
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Fish, frog, reptiles and crabs.
IUCN Status:  NearThreatened

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Thane Creek INDIA
• Gujarat, Khijadia Bird Sanctuary INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• SRI LANKA
• Orissa, Habalpatia INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Orissa, Gahirmatha INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Birding in India and South Asia Available at - http://www.birding.in/
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1968) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 1 1-368pp Available at - NIO
  • Urfi AJ (2003) The birds of Okhla barrage bird sanctuary, Delhi, India Forktail 19 39-50pp Available at - http://www.orientalbirdclub.org/publications/forktail/19pdfs/Urfi-Okhla.pdf
  • Nayak, A.K. (2006) Status of migratory shorebirds at Bhitarkanika and Chilika wetlands on the east coast of India Waterbirds around the world. Eds. G.C. Boere, C.A. Galbraith & D.A. Stroud The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, UK 305-307pp Available at - http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/PDF/pub07_waterbirds_part3.5.16.pdf
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2007/October/2839-2847.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-08-06

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