Hydrophis fasciatus   (Schneider,  1799) (Marine Snake)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order:Squamata
Family:Elapidae

Image copyrights: reptilespedia.com

Description
Head very small, body very slender anteriorly, very deep and greatly compressed posteriorly. Young with 50-70 black cross-bands which may form complete rings. In adults the bands may be reduced to a series of dorsal blotches. Head black in both young and adults. Ventrals blackish, at least anteriorly. Head shields large, regular, symmetrical. Third and fourth supralabials contacting the orbit. Anterior part of maxilla arched upwards, so that the tip of the fang is more or less on a line with the tips of the solid maxillary teeth. 25 or more rows of keeled scales on the neck. Rostral more or less as suture between anterior chin shields. Body scales imbricate, in 35- 49 rows at mid-body.

Synonym (s)
Hydrus fasciatus Schneider, 1799

Common Name (s)
• Banded Sea Snake
• Striped Sea Snake (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(They are caught as bycatch by fishing trawlers. Also potentially impacted by habitat loss due to coastal development.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal
Prey:  worms/snake eels
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Digha beach INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Sandheads INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Ahmed, S and Dasgupta, G (1992) Reptilia State fauna series 3: Fauna of West Bengal. Part 2 ZSI, Calcutta 1-65 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Reptilespedia.com Available at - http://reptilespedia.com/konfuciy.asp
  • Padmanaban, P; Venkatraman, C; Palot, MJ and Radhakrishnan, C. A checklist of Sea Snakes (Reptilia) of India Zoological Survey of India Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/India%20Sea%20Snake.pdf
  • Dunson W A (1975) The Biology Of Sea Snakes University Park Press 523pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-11-15

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