Ixobrychus minutus   (Linnaeus,  1766) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: J.Segergren

Size: 33-36 cm.

Voice: Occasional wuk, deep krok, or keck eck eck eck.

Habits: Solitary, rarely in pairs, most active at dusk, remains hidden in thick vegetation at the edges of water bodies, when disturbed feigns freezing, breeds singly from May to September, nests usually in dense reed bed.

Adult: Sexually dimorphic. Male: A 'hunchbacked' and buff bird with purplish-yellow bill and greenish-horny legs. Crown to tail black, buff wing patch visible in flight only, sides of head and neck whitish, upper breast and flanks ochre, lower breast blackish-maroon, central abdomen, vent and under tail-coverts almost white. Female: Chestnut-brown above, including shoulder patch, chestnut-rufous below and rufous streaked. Juvenile: Above, dark brown with rufous scalloping or streaking. Below, chiefly white and buff, streaked with chestnut and buff.

Breeding: Breeds commonly and abundantly in the Kashmir Valley from May to July. Nest, a pad of rushes built partly by bending down a number of reeds and then adding other pieces of reed flags to form a shallow platform; from a few centimeters to a meter or so above the water. Sometimes the nests are made of fine twigs and provided with a depression for the eggs. Eggs, 4 to 6 or 7, white, often with a pale bluish tinge; regular ovals about equal at both ends, smooth but glossless.

Synonym (s)
Ardea minuta (Linnaeus, 1766)

Common Name (s)
• Little Bittern (English)
• Goi
• Tapas (Marathi)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Fish, forgs, molluscs, crustaceans, aquatic invertebrates.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1968) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 1 1-368pp Available at - NIO
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at - http://envis-eptri.ap.nic.in/images/Vol.10,%20No.4,%202004.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-08-03

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