Donax (Latona) lubricus   Hanley  (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Veneroida
Family:Donacidae

Description
Size: Length 8.88-19.03 mm; width 6.23-13.69 mm; height 3.16-7.44 mm

Shell triangular, compressed, variously colored. Umbos posterior, pointed. Anterior margin rounded; ventral margin slightly convex; anterior-dorsal margin straight and gradually sloping; posterior-dorsal margin convex, short and steeply sloping; posterior margin short and convex; interior margin of ventral and posterior-dorsal side serrated. Sculpture of very fine concentric striae but rugose at the posterior end; radial striae on the ventral margin and on posterior end with punctated appearance. Ligament short, dark brown; lunule more on the right valve.
In the left valve the cardinal complex consists of a thin anterior tooth, a strong posterior tooth; laterals present; anterior lateral formed by thickening on the hinge line and distal, whereas the posterior lateral strong, socketed above and proximal. In the right valve the cardinal complex consists of a triangular, bifid cardinal tooth and strong, socketed laterals with anterior lateral slightly distal than the posterior.
Adductor muscle scars poorly developed. The anterior adductor muscle scar elongated; posterior adductor muscle scar almost circular shaped. Sinus equal on both the valves, sinus rises from posterior adductor muscle scar, rounded anterior end and falls obliquely to the pallial line and in confluence with it.


Synonym (s)
Donax lubricus Hanley, 1845
Donax lubricus Reeve, 1854
Donax lubricus Roemer, 1869
Donax lubricus Satyamurti, 1956
Donax lubrica Hanley, 1845
Donax (Donax) lubricus Subba Rao and Dey, 1986

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Goa INDIA (Record: 1986, 1991)
• Karnataka INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA (Record: 1986, 1991)
• Orissa, Chandipur INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• MYANMAR
• Orissa, Talburai INDIA (Record: 06/11/1962)
• West Bengal, Digha INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Kerala, Kozhikode INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Kerala, Kannur INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Kerala, Ernakulam INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Karnataka, Kumta INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Karnataka, Mangalore INDIA (Record: 1991)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (1986) Contributions to the knowledge of Indian marine molluscs 2. Family Donacidae Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no. 91 ZSI, Calcutta 30 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-10-12

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