Pelecanus crispus   Bruch,  1832 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

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Size: 160-183 cm.

Voice: Usually silent.

Habits: Occurs singly or in pairs or in small flocks, population is declining.

Adult: Sexes alike. Plumage silvery-white, except black primaries and dusky secondaries, feathers on forehead end in a concave line instead of a point, a short curly tuft of feathers on back of head, bill grey with yellow nail, gular pouch pinkish-grey, legs and feet dark grey. Juvenile: Upper plumage brownish-grey, under plumage pure white, gular pouch greyish.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Dalmatian Pelican (English)
• Hawasil (English)
• Kotumpannom (Malayalam)
• Chinkabatu (Telugu)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(There has been a drastic decline in the number of birds since the 19th century due to large-scale persecution by fishermen and contamination of food due to poisonous pesticides.
Wetland drainage, shooting and persecution by fishermen primarily caused past declines in the global population of this species. Continuing threats include disturbance, wetland alteration and destruction, water pollution, collision with power-lines and over-exploitation of fish stocks. The threats to this species in Asia include habitat loss and modification, hunting, disturbance and pollution.)

Habitat:  Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Fish
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable


• Gujarat INDIA
• Gujarat, Kathiawar peninsula INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Punjab INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at -
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1968) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 1 1-368pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2013-02-08

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