Bohadschia argus   (Jaeger,  1833) (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Aspidochirotida
Family:Holothuriidae

Image copyrights: Teresa Zubi

Description
Size: Max length 60.0 cm (male); common length 36.0 cm (male); body-wall thickness: 0.1 cm; Size ranges from 300-500 mm and width ranges from 100-120 mm, with body wall 6-12 mm in thickness; Live weight varies from 1-2 kg. Max. weight reported: 2,200 g

Color: Bivium whitish to brown, variable among specimens and showing characteristics dark eye-like some specimens uniformly brown with yellow spots. Black with distinctive eye-Like spots all over the surface which are conspicuously encircled with light colour.

Body cylindrical with very smooth surface, arched dorsally (bivium) and the flattened ventrally (trivium). Bivium smooth. Podia on bivium small, conical , and irregularly arranged; podia on trivium numerous, short, and arranged on the radii and interradii; calcareous disc of podia around 400 micrometer in diameter. Mouth ventral, surrounded by 20 short, dark tentacles. Anus nearly dorsal, surrounded by 5 groups of papillae. Calcareous ring with large radial pieces and narrow interradials. Cuvierian tubules numerous; large, extruded through the body in large quantities. Spicules on ventral tegument with various simple rosettes and biscuit-like nodules, occasionally with small hole; dorsal tegument with rosettes only; ventral podia with short rods; dorsal podia with x-shaped rods; tentacles with spiny rods and large irregular plates.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders. Sexual reproduction probably takes place during the warm season.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Tiger Fish (English)
• Leopard Fish (English)
• Kannu Attai (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Used for beche de-mer preparation.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mukhopadhyay, SK (1991) Echinodermata: Holothurioidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 399-413 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Starfish Available at - http://www.starfish.ch/
  • Kumara, PBTP; Cumaranathunga, PRT and Linden, O (2005) Present status of the sea cucumber fishery in southern Sri Lanka: A resource depleted industry SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 22 24-29 Available at - http://www.spc.int/Coastfish/news/BDM/22/Terney.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • James, DB. (1983) Sea cucumber and sea urchin resources and Beche-de-mer industry Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Fisheries Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 85-93 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/809/1/Bulletin_No_34.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Beche-de-mer resources of Lakshadweep Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 144-149 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • James, DB and James PSBR (1994) A hand-book on Indian sea-cucumbers CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI, Kochi, India 59 1-47 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3461/1/Special_Publication_No_59.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-21

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