Bohadschia argus   (Jaeger,  1833) (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Aspidochirotida
Family:Holothuriidae

Image copyrights: Teresa Zubi

Description
Size: Max length 60.0 cm (male); common length 36.0 cm (male); body-wall thickness: 0.1 cm; Size ranges from 300-500 mm and width ranges from 100-120 mm, with body wall 6-12 mm in thickness; Live weight varies from 1-2 kg. Max. weight reported: 2,200 g

Color: Bivium whitish to brown, variable among specimens and showing characteristics dark eye-like some specimens uniformly brown with yellow spots. Black with distinctive eye-Like spots all over the surface which are conspicuously encircled with light colour.

Body cylindrical with very smooth surface, arched dorsally (bivium) and the flattened ventrally (trivium). Bivium smooth. Podia on bivium small, conical , and irregularly arranged; podia on trivium numerous, short, and arranged on the radii and interradii; calcareous disc of podia around 400 micrometer in diameter. Mouth ventral, surrounded by 20 short, dark tentacles. Anus nearly dorsal, surrounded by 5 groups of papillae. Calcareous ring with large radial pieces and narrow interradials. Cuvierian tubules numerous; large, extruded through the body in large quantities. Spicules on ventral tegument with various simple rosettes and biscuit-like nodules, occasionally with small hole; dorsal tegument with rosettes only; ventral podia with short rods; dorsal podia with x-shaped rods; tentacles with spiny rods and large irregular plates.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders. Sexual reproduction probably takes place during the warm season.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Tiger Fish (English)
• Leopard Fish (English)
• Kannu Attai (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Used for beche de-mer preparation.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer

Biogeography