Pilodius spinipes   Heller,  1861 (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Xanthidae

Image copyrights: Guam

Description
All four spines of the antero-lateral margin equal. Cheliped carpus with single furrow anteriorly. 2 P with single sinuous transverse row of adjoining pearliform granules.

Regions of carapace well defined, deep cervical grooves in mesogastric region, surface unevenly granular, sparsely setose. 2 M partly divided into two longitudinally. 1P uniformly granulate; sinuous transverse row of adjoining pearliform granules posteriorly on 2 P. Submedian frontal lobes rounded, denticulate, separated by 'U' shaped notch, external lobes small, spine like. Antero-lateral margin quadridentate, teeth well defined, clearly separated, curved, furnished with ancillary spines distally, this being most pronounced in 2nd tooth. Anterior margin of cheliped merus spinose. External surface of cheliped carpus with large, conic tubercles, furrow parrallel with palmar joint. External surface of chela closely set with long conical tubercles, smaller inferiorly, lower margin granulate. Pereiopods sparsely setose, superior margin of carpus, merus, propodus spinose.

Nobili (1906) commented on the confusion that had existed over the descriptions of three species Pilodius pugil Dana 1852, Pilodius spinipes Heller, 1861 and Chlorodopsis woodmasoni Alcock 1898. The ch. spinipes description by Alcock agreed with Dana's figure (1855: pl 12) of Pilodius pugil and fitted perfectly with Nobili's examples. After examining numerous specimens of Pilodius spinipes, Nobili concluded that accorded well with Chlorodopsis woodmasoni of Alcock. Serene (1984) confirmed that Chlorodopsis woodmasoni was identical to Pilodius spinipes.


Synonym (s)
Pilodius spinipes Heller, 1861

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Red Sea
• SEYCHELLES
• MAURITIUS
• MADAGASCAR
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Florida Museum of Natural History Available at - http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/

Page last updated on:2010-11-10

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