Pilodius pilumnoides   (White,  1848) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Xanthidae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Carapace and chelipeds covered with short setae but not with long hairs. One principal spinule and sometimes a few accessory ones on each antero-lateral tooth.

Regions of Carapace well defined, 2M divided into two longitudinally, areoles prominently granular, granules acuminate, apically cornute on 1L, 5L, set with short, coarse, dark setae. Transverse row of adjoining pearliform granules medically on IP; two parallel transverse rows of adjoining pearliform granules on 2 P, anterior row medially disjunct. Sub-median frontal lobes arched, prominently denticulate, separated by deep 'U' shaped indentation, lateral lobes triangular, denticulate. Anterolateral margin quadridentate, teeth multispinose, apically cornute, terminal spine accompanied by ancillary spines. Anterior margin of cheliped merus prominently spinose. External surface of cheliped carpus with cornute, conical tubercles, coarsely setose, ill-defined furrow parallel with palmar joint. External surface of chela set with short, coarse, dark setae; connute, conical tubercles on upper margin, rounder inferiorly; lower margin smooth and dark colouration expands on to palm. Pereiopods wih coarse dark setae, merus, carpus prominently spinose on superior margin.


Synonym (s)
Chlorodius pilumnoides White, 1847
Chlorodius pilumnoides White, 1848
Chlorodopsis (Cyclodius) palaoensis Sakai, 1936

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• MALDIVES
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Lakshadweep Islands (Lat: 8.28) (Long: 72.16) INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep Islands (Lat: 11.68) (Long: 73.68) INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)

Literature Source(s)
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rao, GS; Suseelan, C and Kathirvel, M (1989) Crustacean resources of the Lakshadweep islands Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 72-76 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-21

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