Coenobita cavipes   Stimpson,  1858 (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Color: When alive the bigger specimens are violet in color and small forms reddish. In medium sized animals both violet and red colors can be seen.

Eyestalks compressed, dorsally punctate, reaching the base of the terminal joint of the antennular peduncle and nearly to the middle of the last join of the antennal peduncle. Ophthalmic scales narrow and acute. Antennal acicle fused with the second joint of the peduncle. Chelipeds and legs relatively smooth. Upper part of the outer surface of the left palm without any oblique file of upright laminar teeth (stridulating mechanism, a characteristic feature of Coenobita rugosus) but studded with vesicular granules with corneous tips; the lower part quite smooth. Meri of both the chelipeds finely rugulose the carpi punctate, the upper part of their outer surface and the right palm with some vesicular corneous tipped granules. A thick brush of long hairs on the upper part of the inner surface of both palms.
In the 3rd left leg, the outer surface of the propodus nearly flat and not separated from the anterior surface by a crest, the dactylus somewhat compressed and its outer surface flat. Coxae of the 5th pair of legs slightly prominent on the left side than on the right.

Synonym (s)
Coenobita violascens Heller, 1862
Coenobita compressus Ortmann, 1892
Coenobita cavipes Alcock, 1905
Coenobita cavipes Stimpson, 1859
Coenobita cavipes Barnard, 1950
Coenobita baltzeri Neumann, 1878
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal


• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Satpara INDIA (Record: 01/01/1955)
• West Bengal, Sundarbans, Arbesi Block INDIA (Record: 16/09/1983)
• West Bengal, Sundarbans, Chhotahardi Block INDIA (Record: 13/09/1983)
• West Bengal, Sundarbans, Bangadhuni Island INDIA (Record: 18/09/1983)
• West Bengal, Sundarban Tiger Reserve Area Study, Chattopadhyay INDIA (Record: 13/09/1983)
• West Bengal, Sundarbans, Mechua Khal INDIA (Record: 13/09/1983)
• Orissa, Chilika Lagoon INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman, Hut Bay (Lat: 10.64) (Long: 92.57) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman, Harbindar Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman, Butler Bay (Lat: 10.75) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman, Netaji Nagar INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Ajmalkhan, S (1992) Hermit crabs of Parangipettai Coast CASMB, Parangipettai, India. p 39 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Crustacea: Decapoda Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 367-389 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Hermit crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda) Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, West Bengal 199-215 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Khan, SA and Natarajan, R (1981) Reproductive strategy in hermit crabs of Vellar Estuary Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR 10 70-73 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Balaji,K; Thirumaran, G, Arumugam, R, Kumaraguruvasagam, KR and Anantharaman, P (2007) Marine ornamental invertebrate resources of Parangipettai coastal waters (south east coast of India) Journal of fisheries and aquatic science Academic Journals 2(5) 328-336 Available at -
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Sahu, MK; Murugan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2006) Crustacean resources of the coral reef environment of the little Andaman island, India Fishing Chimes 26(6) 56-59 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Chatterjee, TK; Husain, A and Mitra S (2007) Faunal diversity in prawns and crabs in Digha and adjacent coast in West Bengal with notes on the relationship of their abundance with physico-chemical parameters Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(3) 311-315 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-07

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