Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) fuscocinerea   Jaeger,  1833 (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Aspidochirotida
Family:Holothuriidae

Description
Size: 35 mm -120 mm

Color: Brownish, more or less mottled, Ventral side is pale grey.

Body is long and tubular with tentacles 20. Each pedicel is surrounded by a white rim, papillae are situated on warty prominences, each row is surrounded by a broad blackish area which by joining with dark area of the papillae forms a transverse band, thus the dorsal surface appears to have blackish patches.Cuvierian tubules are large. Spicules consisting of tables with smooth disc and with four larger and four smaller holes alternatively arranged. Buttons have a central axis from which are given of on each side three to six outgrowths and thus each button appears to have lost their outer wall.


Synonym (s)
Holothuria fuscocinerea Jaeger, 1833
Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) fuscocinerea Mukhopadhyay and Samanta, 1983

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Andrott Island INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mukhopadhyay, SK (1991) Echinodermata: Holothurioidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 399-413 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumara, PBTP; Cumaranathunga, PRT and Linden, O (2005) Present status of the sea cucumber fishery in southern Sri Lanka: A resource depleted industry SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 22 24-29 Available at - http://www.spc.int/Coastfish/news/BDM/22/Terney.pdf
  • James, DB (1995) Taxonomic studies of the species of Holothuria (Linnaeus, 1767) from the seas around India. Part 1 Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 92(1) 43-62 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7434/1/449-J._BOMBAY_NAT.HISTORY_SOC_1995.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-26

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