Diogenes diogenes   (Herbst)  (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Diogenidae

Description
Color: Chelipeds, legs and abdomen are light cream colored. A pinkish longitudinal band is seen on the eyestalk.

Rostrum long, about one-third the length of the eyestalks, with its distal half spinose. Antennular peduncle exceeds the length of antennal peduncle by about half of its terminal joint. Antennal acicle bifurcate, the opposed edges of the fork spinulose; the outer prong barely reaches the base of the terminal joint, the inner prong reaches about midway along the penultimate joint of the peduncle. Chelipeds bear claw-shaped spines on the outer surface of the palm, edges of their joints spinose and setose, fingers of the smaller cheliped and the dactyli of 2nd and 3rd legs thickly plumose.

This species was found to occupy the shells of 20 species of gastropods. A polychaete worm Gattyana sp. was found to live inside the shell with this animal.


Synonym (s)
Cancer diogenes Herbst 1791
Pagurus miles Fabricius 1798
Diogenes diogenes Henderson 1893
Diogenes diogenes Alcock 1905
Diogenes diogenes Thomas 1989

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA (Record: 1992, 1995)
• Orissa INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Waltair INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Ennore INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Nagapattinam INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Karnataka, Mangalore INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Kerala, Kozhikode INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Kerala, Azhicode INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2008)
• West Bengal, Sandheads INDIA (Record: 00/01/1928)
• East Coast INDIA (Record: 1992)
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Ajmalkhan, S (1992) Hermit crabs of Parangipettai Coast CASMB, Parangipettai, India. p 39 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Hermit crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda) Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, West Bengal 199-215 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7950/1/Dineshbabu-Fishing_Chimes_30(10%2611).pdf
  • Chatterjee, TK; Husain, A and Mitra S (2007) Faunal diversity in prawns and crabs in Digha and adjacent coast in West Bengal with notes on the relationship of their abundance with physico-chemical parameters Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(3) 311-315 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-07

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